Expired Study
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Los Angeles, California 90024


Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a noninvasive method that holds promise for treating several psychiatric disorders. Yet the most effective location and parameters for treatment need more exploration. Also, whether rTMS is an effective treatment for individuals with a DSM-IV diagnosis of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) has not been empirically tested. The goal of this pilot study is to evaluate whether fMRI guided rTMS is effective in reducing symptoms of GAD.

Study summary:

This study utilized a 3-week open-label design to evaluate the efficacy of fMRI guided rTMS in the treatment of GAD. We first used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during the gambling task to localize anxiety-related brain activations in each individual participant, and then used this information to guide treatment with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). TMS was delivered to the target site at a frequency of 1 Hz for 20 minutes (900 total pulses). The intensity of the TMS was set to 90% of the passive motor threshold for each participant. The primary efficacy measures include the Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS). Response to treatment was defined as a reduction of 50% or more on the HARS and symptom remission was defined as a CGI-I score of 1 or 2 ("much improved" or "very much improved" respectively) and a score ≤ 8 on the HARS. Data was entered anonymously into an Excel spreadsheet and analyzed by the UCLA Semel Institute Statistical Core. The analysis was done on the intent to treat sample using last observation carried forward (LOCF). A one-sample paired t-test was used to compare endpoint to baseline means on the HARS, with a significance level set at p= 0.05, two-tailed.


Inclusion Criteria: - The subject is male or female outpatients age 18 to 65 years, inclusive - The subject meets DSM-IV criteria for Generalized Anxiety Disorder as determined by the MINI. - Sexually active female patients of childbearing potential must be practicing at least one or more the following methods of contraception during the study: intrauterine device (IUD), barrier method in combination with a spermicide, oral/hormonal contraception or abstinence. Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to receiving study drug. - Written informed consent must be obtained from the subject prior to study participation. - The subject is in good medical health or with chronic medical conditions which are currently stable. - No current abuse of alcohol or other substance. - The subject has a total score of 20 or more on the SIGH-A at screening. - The subject has a Clinical Global Impression (CGI) Severity score of 4 or more at screening. Exclusion Criteria: - The subject meets DSM-IV criteria for an Axis I diagnosis (other than GAD) as the primary diagnosis (i.e., schizophrenia, mood disorder, psychosis, anorexia nervosa) as determined by the MINI. - The subject is clinically judged by the investigator to be at risk for suicide or is acutely suicidal as objectively measured by the MINI and MSE. - The subject is clinically judged by the investigator to be at risk for homicide or is acutely homicidal as objectively measured by the MINI and MSE. - The subject has a psychiatric condition that would require inpatient, or partial psychiatric hospitalization. - Seizure disorders. - Significant history of medical disease (i.e. cardiovascular, hepatic (e.g. cirrhosis, hepatitis B or C) renal, gynecological, musculoskeletal, neurological, gastrointestinal, metabolic, hematological, endocrine, cancer with a metastatic potential or progressive neurological disorders) which could impair reliable participation in the trial or necessitate the use of medication not allowed by this protocol. - The subject is pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or nursing. If a subject becomes pregnant, she will be discontinued immediately and followed appropriately. - Concomitant therapy with another investigational drug, or participation in an investigational drug study within one month prior to entering this study. - Current psychotherapeutic treatment except for treatment with Specific Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRIs) medications which include: Fluoxetine (Prozac), Paroxetine (Paxil), Sertraline (Zoloft), Luvox (Fluvoxamine), and Citalopram. Potential subjects may remain on one of the SSRI medications provided that he or she has been on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to entering this study; this dose remains stable throughout the remainder of this study; and it can be determined that this medication is not exacerbating the anxiety symptoms. - History of poor compliance or in the Investigator's judgment patients any subject whose treatment as an outpatient would be clinically contraindicated - The subject has attempted suicide one or more times within the past twelve months - The subject has a Structured Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (SIGH-D) score above 38 which suggests a moderate to severe clinical level of depressive symptoms



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Alexander Bystritsky, MD
University of California, Los Angeles

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Los Angeles, California 90024
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: February 04, 2019

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