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Lexington, Kentucky 40506


The study will evaluate the effectiveness of the nonstimulant medication lobeline in improving symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults.

Study summary:

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects approximately 8 million adults in the United States. Adults with ADHD may experience difficulty concentrating, poor organization ability, mood swings, and trouble completing work. If not managed properly, ADHD can lead to behavioral, emotional, academic, social, and work-related problems. Neurobiological research has shown that people with ADHD exhibit low levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter of the brain that controls a person's ability to concentrate and focus on surroundings. Lobeline, a nonstimulant medication that acts to alter dopamine uptake, may be effective in improving abnormalities in brain dopamine levels. Although lobeline has been successfully used as a smoking cessation aid because of its ability to inhibit nicotine-induced hyperactivity, the effectiveness of lobeline as a treatment for ADHD has not been explored. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of lobeline in improving adult ADHD symptoms, specifically inattention, impulsivity, and memory problems. This study will also evaluate any side effects of lobeline treatment. Participation in this study will last between 4 and 5 weeks, during which participants will attend 10 study visits at the General Clinical Research Center (GCRC). Participants will first undergo a medical evaluation visit that will include a physical exam, electrocardiogram (EKG), blood draw, urine testing, and breath sampling. Participants will then return for an orientation visit to complete questionnaires and to receive training on the computer and on memory tasks to be performed during later visits. The next 7 visits will comprise the laboratory testing and medication treatment portion of the study. Each visit will last 4.5 hours and will include urine and breath sampling, computer and memory tasks, questionnaires, vital sign measurements, and medication distribution. Participants will be randomly assigned to take two different pills at each lab visit. One pill will be a placebo of lobeline or methylphenidate, a medication stimulant used in treating ADHD, and the other pill will be active lobeline or methylphenidate. Drug combinations and doses will vary each day, but participants will never receive two active pills on the same day. All participants will undergo a follow-up evaluation between 7 and 14 days after the final lab visit. The evaluation will include questions about side effects from study medication, breath and urine sampling, a blood draw, and a physical exam.


Inclusion Criteria: - Diagnosis of ADHD, including degree of symptomatology, as determined by a structured clinical assessment based on the DSM-IV (SCID-1); supplemented by administration of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children, Epidemiologic version (KSADS-E) and administration of the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS); - Healthy males or females aged 21 to 45 years; - A body mass index (BMI) between 18 and 30; - Ability and willingness to provide written consent, comply with study instructions, and commit to all study visits and procedures; - Adequate means of contacting the investigator in case of emergency or have means to be contacted readily by the investigator; - No medical contraindications determined by the following: an adequate medical history, a physical examination including vital signs, 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG); complete blood count with differential liver function and blood chemistry tests and urinalysis, including urine sample for drug screening; - A negative urine drug test (barbiturates, benzodiazepines, amphetamines, opiates, cocaine, cannabinoids, ethanol) at screening, and at each laboratory day; - Subjects must be non-smokers. A breath sample analysis will be conducted on-site with an Alco-Sensor Intoximeter, and an Innovative Medical Monitoring carbon monoxide (CO) Monitor, and must reveal a CO value of less than or equal to 8 ppm and a negative cotinine urine or saliva test (>100 ng/mL); - Females must have a negative pregnancy test (beta human chorionic gonadotrophin) at screening, and prior to each study drug administration. Females capable of childbearing are required to use a medically accepted form of contraception for at least 1 month prior to study start, throughout the study duration, and for at least 1 month after study medication is discontinued. Exclusion Criteria: - Current participation in the follow-up period of a preceding drug research study; - Presence of unresolved/unstable psychiatric comorbidities as determined by clinical assessment and structured clinical interview using the SCID-1, that could interfere with study evaluations or affect a subject's safety; - Recent history of drug addiction and/or alcoholism; and nicotine dependence within the past 6 months, as determined by psychiatric clinical assessment; - Current significant acute or chronic medical disease, or any historical medical condition that could relapse during or immediately after the study and, in the investigator's opinion, may interfere with study evaluations or affect a subject's safety; - Presence of potential organic etiology (e.g., a serious head injury or injury resulting in loss of consciousness, seizure disorder, thyroid problems, etc.) for ADHD symptomatology, as determined by clinical assessment; - Blood pressure over 160/100 mmHg or under 90/40 mmHg, or heart rate over 120 beats per minute or below 40 beats per minute, obtained on two consecutive measures over 15 minutes when the subject is at rest; - Exposure to any investigational new drug within 30 days of screening; - Regular use of any prescription, over-the-counter drugs or likely need for concomitant treatment medication during the study period; - Use of herbal products, including St. John's Wort, for 2 weeks prior to study initiation and throughout the study duration.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Catherine A. Martin, MD
University of Kentucky Department of Psychiatry

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Lexington, Kentucky 40506
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: February 04, 2019

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