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St. Louis, Missouri 63110


This study is designed to test the combination of decitabine, arsenic trioxide and ascorbic acid in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia

Study summary:

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are hematological disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis. DNA hypomethylating agents such as decitabine have been shown to have activity in this disorder by reversing the epigenetic mechanism of gene silencing. Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a hematological disorder characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis and malignant expansion of clonal myeloid cells. In elderly patients (≥ 60 years old), MDS commonly precedes the diagnosis of AML. Standard therapy for AML consists of cytotoxic chemotherapy and is often followed with allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Unfortunately, elderly patients are often unable to tolerate such aggressive therapy. Arsenic has also shown activity in patients with MDS and AML though modulation of apoptosis via increased oxidative stress. In preclinical modes, arsenic activity is related to the production of radical oxygen species that damage mitochondria. Cellular glutathione acts as a cellular antioxidant and can be depleted with the vitamin ascorbic acid which increases intracellular oxidative stress and sensitivity to arsenic trioxide induced apoptosis. We are studying the combination of decitabine, arsenic trioxide and ascorbic acid, two primary agents and one vitamin all with different mechanisms of action in order to improve the response rate in patients with MDS and AML. This is an open-label, single-arm, single-center, dose escalation Phase I trial of decitabine, arsenic trioxide and ascorbic acid in patients with MDS, either de novo or secondary, fitting any of the FAB classifications and AML.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. MDS (either de novo or secondary) fitting any of the FAB classifications or AML defined by FAB classification criteria. Patients with < 5% bone marrow blasts must also meet one of the following criteria: 1. Symptomatic anemia with either hemoglobin <10.0 g/dL or requiring red blood cell (RBC) transfusion 2. Thrombocytopenia with a history of two or more platelet counts < 50,000 / µL or a significant hemorrhage requiring platelet transfusions, or 3. Neutropenia with two or more absolute neutrophil counts < 1,000 /µL. AML patients must also have a WBC < 10,000µL and meet one of the following two criteria: 1. Age greater than or equal to 60 years 2. Relapsed AML and are not a candidate for cytotoxic chemotherapy. 2. ECOG performance status of 0-2. 3. Must give written informed consent indicating their awareness of the investigational nature of this study and its potential hazards. 4. Adequate renal and hepatic function (creatinine < 1.5x institutional upper limit of normal, total bilirubin ≤ 1.5x institutional upper limit of normal, AST and ALT ≤ 2x institutional upper limit of normal). 5. Serum potassium > 4.0 mEq/L, serum magnesium > 1.8 mg/dL. 6. Life expectancy of at least 16 weeks. 7. Women of childbearing age must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to initiating therapy. 8. Sexually active women of childbearing potential must use effective birth control during the trial and for at least two months following the trial. 9. Men must be willing to avoid fathering a new child while receiving therapy with decitabine. 10. Greater than or equal to 18 years, no upper age limit 11. Individuals who are candidates for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and who meet all other study criteria may participate in the study and receive intravenous decitabine in combination with arsenic trioxide and Ascorbic acid as a treatment prior to transplantation. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Known central nervous system (CNS) leukemia. 2. Previously received greater than or equal to 5 cycles of azacitidine (Vidaza®, Pharmion Corp., Boulder, CO) or decitabine (Dacogen®, MGI Pharma Inc. Bloomington, MN). 3. QTc > 460 msec. 4. Known or suspected hypersensitivity to decitabine, arsenic or ascorbic acid. 5. Receiving any other investigational agents within 30 days of first dose of study drug. 6. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, congestive heart failure of NYHA class 3 or 4, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements. 7. Known positive serology for HIV. 8. Had radiotherapy within 14 days prior to study enrollment. 9. Known presence of hepatic tumors. 10. < 18 years of age 11. Exclude women who are pregnant or breast feeding. 12. Known history of glucose-6-phosphate deficiency (G6PD). 13. Currently taking a Class Ia or Class III antiarrhythmic or other medication causally associated with prolonging QTc. 14. Use of aspirin with platelet counts < 50,000/µl.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Ravi Vij, M.D.
Washington Univerisity

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

St. Louis, Missouri 63110
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: February 04, 2019

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