New Haven, Connecticut 06520


Purpose:

The purpose of this research study is to determine if indomethacin, an anti-inflammatory medication in a class of medications known at NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can reduce the risk of pancreatitis after Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP.) The hypothesis is that indomethacin decreases the incidence and severity of post-ERCP pancreatitis. Patients who are scheduled to undergo a ERCP will be enrolled. Following ERCP, patients will be randomized to receive a dose of indomethacin or placebo (an inactive substance) instilled into the duodenum via the biopsy channel of the duodenoscope. All patients will be observed for 4 hours following ERCP which is part of routine clinical practice. Patients with minimal pain will be discharged after this 4 hour observation period. All patients will have baseline serum amylase levels which are repeated 2 to 4 hours after the ERCP has been completed. Patients who have significant abdominal pain will be hospitalized and evaluated for pancreatitis. Patients discharged to home will be contacted by telephone the following day to ask them if they have had any complications of ERCP.


Study summary:

Post-ERCP pancreatitis is likely due to the patient's inflammatory response to duct instrumentation during the procedure and severity is based on the magnitude of this response. Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) plays a pivotal role in inflammation since it regulates many pro-inflammatory mediators, including prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and platelet activating factor. NSAIDs inhibit PLA2, and indomethacin is the most potent clinically available PLA2 inhibitor. Our study hypothesis is that treatment with indomethacin will reduce the inflammatory response to ERCP, and therefore lessen the incidence and severity of post-ERCP pancreatitis. Aim: We plan to conduct a prospective, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine if a single dose of 100 mg indomethacin suspension instilled into the duodenum by the endoscope immediately following ERCP can reduce the incidence and severity of post-ERCP pancreatitis. Patients scheduled to undergo diagnostic or therapeutic ERCP would be serially enrolled. Standard indications for ERCP will include the following: evaluation of obstructive jaundice, unexplained pancreatitis, recurrent pancreaticobiliary pain and abnormal liver tests. Those patients who are deemed to be at increased risk of pancreatitis (suspected sphincter of oddi dysfunction, age < 40 yrs, normal bilirubin, prior post ERCP pancreatitis, difficult cannulation, pancreatic duct injection, pancreatic duct sphincterotomy, undergoing pre-cut sphincterotomy and balloon dilation of the biliary sphincter) would undergo placement of a 3 French pancreatic stent at the time of ERCP. Prospective randomized studies have demonstrated a marked decrease in post-ERCP pancreatitis rates in high risk patients who have undergone pancreatic stenting. Following ERCP and therapy (if required), they would be randomized to receive a dose of indomethacin or placebo instilled into the duodenum via the biopsy channel of the duodenoscope. Patients as well as physicians and nurses performing the procedure and overseeing the study will be unaware of treatment assignments. All of the endoscopic and clinical practices will follow the current standard of care of the Yale interventional endoscopy department. Participation in the study will not alter this in any way. The experimental intervention is limited to the administration of a single dose of indomethacin, injected into the endoscope channel prior to removal of the scope at the conclusion of the ERCP and subsequent monitoring for signs and symptoms of post-ERCP pancreatitis, much of which is also part of routine clinical practice. At the end of the procedure the details of the endoscopic maneuver are recorded, including ease/difficulty of cannulation, sphincterotomy (biliary and/or pancreatic) performed, number of cannulations, number of pancreatic duct injections, technique of sphincterotomy (Needle Knife/Stent vs pull-type) and duct diameters. All patients will be observed for 4 hours following ERCP which is part of the routine clinical practice following ERCP. Patients with minimal pain will be discharged after a 4-hour period of observation. All patients will have baseline serum amylase levels which will be repeated 4 hours after the ERCP has been completed. Patients with significant abdominal pain following ERCP will be hospitalized overnight and evaluated for post-ERCP pancreatitis with monitoring of vital signs, urinary output and serum amylase levels the following morning. Patients with ongoing symptoms at 48 hours and later will undergo imaging with either abdominal ultrasonography or CT scanning. This also represents current standard clinical practice. Patients discharged home will be contacted by telephone the following day to assess for complications including post-ERCP pancreatitis.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients undergoing ERCP as part of their clinical care. Exclusion Criteria: - Pancreatitis within 60 days of ERCP - Age less than 18 years - Pregnant patients - Patients who have received NSAIDs within the past 7 days - Patients with a previous allergy to NSAIDs - Patients who were previously enrolled in the study - Patients with a history of peptic ulcers, gastrointestinal bleeding, on anticoagulants and/or with a bleeding diathesis.


NCT ID:

NCT00727740


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Priya Jamidar, MD
Yale School of Medicine

Priya Jamidar, MD
Phone: 203-785-6228
Email: priya.jamidar@yale.edu


Backup Contact:

Email: hillary.drumm@yale.edu
Hillary Drumm, APRN MSN MPH
Phone: 203-737-3385


Location Contact:

New Haven, Connecticut 06520
United States

Hillary Drumm, APRN MSN MPH
Phone: 203-737-3385
Email: hillary.drumm@yale.edu

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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