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Durham, North Carolina 27705


The purpose of this study is to determine if the use of a carbon dioxide lavage device (CarboJet) to clean bone surfaces during total knee surgery decreases intraoperative embolic events when compared with standard orthopedic techniques.

Study summary:

Elderly patients undergoing major, orthopedic surgery are at risk of developing postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) or memory impairment following surgery. Transcranial doppler (TCD) monitoring of blood flow to the brain has detected cerebral emboli in 60% of patients following release of the thigh tourniquet during total knee replacement or arthroplasty (TKA). These cerebral embolic events may represent one of the mechanisms responsible for postoperative cognitive problems. The standard surgical technique for TKA involves cleaning the bone surfaces with pulsed saline lavage prior to cementation and prosthesis insertion. The CarboJet Assisted technique utilizes carbon dioxide lavage to clean and dry the femur canal and bone surfaces prior to cementation and implantation. Because it removes fat globules and marrow particulates from the bone surfaces, it is hypothesized that the use of a carbon dioxide lavage technique in TKA will result in fewer thromboembolic events and increased cement penetration compared with the standard technique using pulsed saline lavage. Cement penetration affects the strength of the bone-cement interface and, therefore, contributes to implant longevity.


Inclusion Criteria: - Adult patients aged 50 years or older who are scheduled for elective TKA with a cemented Smith and Nephew Prosthesis design Exclusion Criteria: - Dementia or severe cognitive impairment - Severe visual or hearing impairments - Inability to follow directions or comprehend the English language - Females who are pregnant - Abnormal distal femur geometry - Pre-existing hardware or abnormal bony architecture in the proximal tibia



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Terri G Monk, MD
Duke University

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Durham, North Carolina 27705
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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