Expired Study
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Chicago, Illinois 60637


Newborns routinely experience pain associated with invasive procedures such as blood sampling, immunization, vitamin K injection, or circumcision. Prevention of pain is both an ethical expectation and a professional imperative, as untreated pain has deleterious consequences including altered pain sensitivity in later childhood and may be related to the permanent neuroanatomical and behavioral abnormalities as found in animal models. Moreover, pain is a source of concern and distress for new parents. Yet, pain reducing therapies are often underused for the numerous minor procedures that are a part of routine medical and nursing care for neonates. Growing scientific and clinical literature provides evidence for the effectiveness of natural, non-pharmacological techniques in both animal and human newborns. This study compares the pain reliving effects of sweet taste to the combination of sweet taste and warmth.


Inclusion Criteria: - healthy infants Exclusion Criteria: - unhealthy infants



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Lawrence A Gray, MD
University of Chicago

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Chicago, Illinois 60637
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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