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Nashville, Tennessee 37232


Premature infants are at risk for developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). L-citrulline may decrease that risk, but we do not know the safety or dose of this drug for use in premature babies. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and optimal dose of intravenous L-citrulline in premature infants.

Study summary:

This is a prospective phase I study of the safety, pharmacokinetics, and optimal dose of intravenously administered L-citrulline in premature infants born at 24 to 29 weeks estimated gestational age (EGA) and who are at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). This is a classic dose escalation using initial doses of 10 mg/kg of intravenous citrulline and advancing the dose by 10 mg/kg every 3 patients for a target peak plasma citrulline concentration of 100 umol/L. These infants will undergo intense hemodynamic monitoring and have intermittent blood sampling to determine levels of amino acids and nitric oxide metabolites. From this, we will determine citrulline pharmacokinetics including half life, clearance, and volume of distribution. Intravenous L-citrulline will be provided by Asklepion Pharmaceuticals and mixed by the Investigational Drug Service of the Vanderbilt Hospital Clinical Pharmacy. The study will be monitored closely by a data safety monitoring board (DSMB) consisting of clinicians not involved with this study.


Inclusion Criteria: - 24-29 Weeks Gestation - Respiratory Distress requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation or positive pressure oxygen at 24 hours of life - Parents willing and able to sign consent Exclusion Criteria: - Congenital malformation - Suspected genetic or metabolic syndrome - Surgical condition - Life expectancy < 24 hours - Pre-existing, sustained hypotension - Birth weight < 500 grams - Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, will interfere with the study objectives.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Frederick E Barr, MD, MSCI
Vanderbilt University

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Nashville, Tennessee 37232
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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