Expired Study
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Houston, Texas 77030


Isolated Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) can be diagnosed in the prenatal period, and remains associated with an 30 % chance of perinatal death and morbidity mainly because of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. In addition, in the survivors there is a high rate of morbidity with evidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in more than 70% of cases. The risk for these can be predicted prenatally by the ultrasonographic measurement of the observed/expected lung area to head circumference ratio (O/E LHR) which is a measure of pulmonary hypoplasia. Also position of the liver is predictive of outcome. The proposing consortium has developed a prenatal therapeutic approach, which consists of percutaneous fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) with subsequent removal of the balloon . Both procedures are performed percutaneously, there is now experience with more than 150 cases and it has been shown to be safe for the mother. We have witnessed an improvement of survival in fetuses with a predicted chance of survival of less than 30% (referred to as fetuses with severe pulmonary hypoplasia; O/E LHR <25% and liver herniation) to 55% on average. Also there is an apparent reduction in morbidity with the rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia decreasing from the estimated rate of more than 70% to less than 40% in the same severity group . Further we have shown that results of FETO are predicted by LHR measurement prior to the procedure , so that better results can be expected in fetuses with larger lung size . Therefore we now aim to offer FETO to fetuses with moderate CDH (=O/E LHR 25-34.9%, irrespective of the liver position as well as O/E LHR 35-44.9% with intrathoracic herniation of the liver). When managed expectantly the estimated rate of postnatal survival is 60% or lower and the rate of broncho-pulmonary dysplasia in survivors is 33% or higher. This trial will test whether temporary fetoscopic tracheal occlusion rather than expectant management during pregnancy, both followed by standardized postnatal management, decreases the occurrence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or increases survival. The balloon will be placed between 30 and 31+6 weeks, and will be removed between 34 and 34+6 weeks.


Inclusion Criteria: - Patients aged 18 years or more, who are able to consent - Singleton pregnancy - Anatomically and chromosomally normal fetus - Left sided diaphragmatic hernia - Gestation at randomization prior to 31 wks plus 5 d (so that occlusion is done at the latest on 31 wks plus 6 d) - Estimated to have moderate pulmonary hypoplasia, defined prenatally as: - O/E LHR 25-34.9% (included; irrespective of the position of the liver) - O/E LHR 35-44.9% (included) with intrathoracic liver herniation as determined by ultrasound or MRI - Acceptance of randomization and the consequences for the further management during pregnancy and thereafter. - The patients must undertake the responsibility for either remaining close to, or at the FETO center, or being able to travel swiftly and within acceptable time interval to the FETO center until the balloon is removed. - Intended postnatal treatment center must subscribe to suggested guidelines for "standardized postnatal treatment". - Provide written consent to participate in this RCT Exclusion Criteria: - Maternal contraindication to fetoscopic surgery or severe medical condition in pregnancy that make fetal intervention risk full - Technical limitations precluding fetoscopic surgery, such as severe maternal obesity, uterine fibroids or potentially others, not anticipated at the time of writing this protocol. - Preterm labour, cervix shortened (<15 mm at randomization) or uterine anomaly strongly predisposing to preterm labour, placenta previa - Patient age less than 18 years - Psychosocial ineligibility, precluding consent - Diaphragmatic hernia: right-sided or bilateral, major anomalies, isolated left-sided outside the O/E LHR limits for the inclusion criteria - Patient refusing randomization or to comply with return to FETO center during the time period the airways are occluded or for elective removal of the balloon



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Jan A Deprest, MD PhD
Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Houston, Texas 77030
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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