Expired Study
This study is not currently recruiting Study Participants on ClinicalConnection.com. If you would like to find active studies please search for clinical trials.

Boston, Massachusetts 02118


Approval of surfactant by the FDA in 1989 for the treatment of Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) in premature infants greatly improved survival rates. Newer surfactants approved by the FDA were more concentrated and had a more rapid onset of action. The overall efficacy of newer surfactants appeared similar until in 2004, Ramanathan and colleagues suggested that a double dose of Curosurf improved survival in infants 25-32 weeks gestational age, compared to infants treated with Survanta, the most commonly used surfactant preparation in the United States. While the data was suggestive, it was not clear that the improvement in survival was reproducible or that Curosurf was responsible for the improved survival rates. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Curosurf in improving lung function and survival rates and reducing the complications of prematurity in very premature infants < 30 weeks gestational age at birth.

Study summary:

Specific Aims: - To determine whether there is a sustained difference in the level of respiratory support during the first 3 days of life in extremely premature infants treated with Curosurf versus Survanta - To determine whether Curosurf is associated with a higher incidence of hemodynamically significant PDA, compared with Survanta - To determine whether there is a difference in the cerebral blood flow response to Curosurf versus Survanta - To determine whether there is a difference in morbidity in very premature infants treated with Curosurf versus Survanta We reasoned that if Curosurf was primarily responsible for improved survival rates, compared with Survanta, then there should be a sustained improvement in respiratory function in the first three days of life, when the direct pulmonary effects of the surfactant preparations would be most easily detected. It was also possible that Curosurf and Survanta could have effects on other systems that could secondarily affect long-term survival of the infant. These other organ systems would include, but not be limited to, the development of a hemodynamically significant Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Intraventricular Hemorrhage or Periventricular Leukomalacia, or Necrotizing Enterocolitis. We propose to examine how surfactant administration affected the hemodynamic precursors of these common morbidities of very premature infants.


Inclusion Criteria: - <29 6/7 and >24 0/7 weeks gestational age - Inborn at the participating institution enrolling the patient - FIO2 >25% and Intubated with mean airway pressure > 5 cm H20 - <8 hours age at randomization - Signed informed consent from parent(s) Exclusion Criteria: - <500 g birth weight - <24 0/7 weeks gestational age (best estimate) - Prolonged Premature Rupture of membranes >3 weeks (21 days) - Apgar score < 3 at 5 minutes - Impending death anticipated within the first 3 days of life, moribund - Severe congenital anomalies



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Alan M Fujii, MD
Boston Medical Center

Alan M Fujii, MD
Phone: 617-414-3735
Email: Alan.Fujii@bmc.org

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Boston, Massachusetts 02118
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

Modifications to this listing: Only selected fields are shown, please use the link below to view all information about this clinical trial.

Click to view Full Listing

This study is not currently recruiting Study Participants on ClinicalConnection.com. The form below is not enabled.