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Minneapolis, Minnesota 55414


The long-range goal of this project is to determine the effects of diabetes and the hypoglycemic consequences of intensive therapy on in vivo brain glucose metabolism in humans. We will measure brain glycogen turnover and content in normal controls and subjects with diabetes under conditions of modest hyper-and hypoglycemia.

Study summary:

On the morning before the study subjects will report to the Clinical Research Center and will be asked to stay at the Clinical Research Center for up to 72 hours. You will be asked not to eat anything after midnight. Small plastic catheters will be placed in two veins in subjects arms for infusion of glucose and for measuring blood glucose levels every 15-30 minutes. While subjects are in the study they will continuously receive a small dose of glucose enriched with 13C label either through the catheter or by drinking a small amount of a sugar water solution every 15-60 minutes. Subjects will be asked to transfer to the Center for Magnetic Resonance Research every 6-8 hours (except at night) where they will be asked each time to conduct an MRI scan as follows: Subjects will be placed on the patient bed in the magnet room for one-to-two hours. A nurse will stay with the subject at all times during this study. During some of the scans subjects may be asked to perform a visual task such as watching a changing checkerboard pattern through a mirror placed in front of their eyes. After each scan subjects will receive a low carbohydrate meal for weight-maintenance. Subjects may be asked to receive an infusion of glucose and/or insulin one-to-three times before and/or after the infusion of 13C-enriched glucose starts. During these infusions the subject's blood sugar will be maintained either higher or lower than normal levels for up to 3 hours. This will be done to assess the effect of hyper- or hypoglycemia on brain glycogen metabolism. Subjects may also be asked several days prior to the study to report to the Clinical Research Center for a "mock" study to see if they are comfortable with the MRI scan and/or to test their body's response to either protocol (as described above, but carried out at the Clinical Research Center). If subjects would like to try the MRI procedure in advance, this test will not exceed 2 hours. If we need to test the subject's response to the infusion, this "pre-test" will involve only drawing blood and administering glucose and will be performed as described for either protocol above, but will last not more than 4 hours. Magnetic resonance measurements will be performed in the magnet and are very similar to magnetic resonance imaging exams (MRI). Subjects will always have the possibility to signal when they feel claustrophobic and wish to be removed from the magnet. The magnetic resonance measurements will be associated with a regular clunking noise that subjects may initially find unpleasant. For their comfort they will be offered to wear ear plugs. During the measurements in the magnet subjects will be asked to lie still for most of the time.


Inclusion Criteria: - Age 18-65 - Healthy control - Must be able to provide informed consent - Type 1 diabetes with hypoglycemia unawareness with hemoglobin A1c < 7.5% - Poorly controlled diabetics with hemoglobin A1c > 7.5% - Subjects with hypoglycemia unawareness must report an inability to recognize at least some blood glucose values <58 mg/dL during the 3 months prior to the study. Exclusion Criteria: - Over 300 pounds - Claustrophobic - History of ischemic heart disease, arrhythmia, of seizure disorder - Pregnant - On medications known to alter blood flow or carbohydrate metabolism - Have internally located pieces of metal



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Elizabeth R Seaquist, MD
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Minneapolis, Minnesota 55414
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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