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Durham, North Carolina 27704


Purpose:

This research is a NIH single site study with the aims to (1) determine whether surgically induced weight loss decreases the risk of CVD in morbidly obese subjects with T2DM. (2) elucidate the mechanisms by which surgically induced weight loss reduces over time the risk of CVD in morbidly obsess subjects with T2DM. Study'subjects will be enrolled from obese individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The study includes two groups, subjects undergoing gastric bypass surgery and a control group not undergoing weight loss surgery. A total of 60 subjects (30 in each group) will be recruited. Basal, 6 and 12 months assessments will include: insulin sensitivity determination, cardiovascular function by echo doppler, and DEXA scan. This study involves risk-level II procedures, however, the risks inherent to the gastric bypass surgery are not considered study-derived because subjects are enrolled from individuals that have already decided to have this surgery. We will determine protein expression profiles of inflammation-related adipokines in the subcutaneous and intra-abdominal adipose tissues of morbidly obese subjects with T2DM before and after surgically induced weight loss.


Study summary:

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are more likely to die from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) than people without diabetes. Furthermore, Patients with diabetes have not benefited from the advances in the management of CVD and/or its risk factors that have resulted in a decrease in mortality for CVD patients without diabetes. Short-term studies have demonstrated that weight loss in over weight or obese subjects with T2DM is associated with decreased insulin resistance, substantial improvements in glycemic and lipoprotein profile, and reduction in blood pressure. However, Long-term data substantiating that these improvements can be maintained are limited. Obesity, and susceptibility to weight gain, is a chronic condition. Continuous care is required to avoid weight regain especially after intensive weigh loss. Morbidly obese patients with body mass index (BMI) over 35 kg/m2 have significant difficulties maintaining weight loss adequate to resolve obesity-related medical conditions by changes in lifestyle or pharmacologic strategies. Currently, surgical treatment of morbid obesity, termed bariatric surgery, appears to be the only modality that results in significant and sustained weight loss along with reversal of diabetes and improvements in cholesterol biosynthesis, and lipoprotein metabolism in morbidly obese patients. Given these observations, we question if patients with T2DM who undergo gastric bypass surgery will significantly reduce levels of abnormalities in vascular structure and function that are central to the development of atherosclerosis. In specific aim 1, we will determine whether surgically induced weight loss decreases the risk of CVD in morbidly obese subjects with T2DM. . In specific aim 2, we will elucidate the mechanisms by which surgically induced weight loss reduces over time the risk of CVD in morbidly obsess subjects with T2DM. The proposed study is a prospective cohort clinic trial aimed to evaluate changes over time in cardiovascular structure and function of morbidly obese subjects with T2DM undergoing gastric bypass surgery compared to a matched control group who do not undergo gastric bypass surgery. The results of the proposed study will provide the foundation for a new clinic strategy aimed to prevent the development of CVD in obese patients with T2DM. Furthermore, it will serve as the baseline for future large scale longitudinal studies based on aggregate occurrence of severe cardiovascular events.


Criteria:

Inclusion criteria: - Clinical diagnosis of T2DM diabetes mellitus with HbA1c ≤ 10.0% - Current regular use of insulin - Current regular use of oral hypoglycemic medication. - Documented diabetes by current ADA criteria (98). - Body mass index ≥ 35 kg/m2 in accord with the 1991 NIH obesity surgery consensus conference criteria and stable weight for the previous 3 months - Age between 18-60 years old. - Ability and willingness to provide informed consent. - No expectation that subject will be moving out of the area of the clinical center during the next 12 months. Exclusion criteria: - Presence of CVD defined as: CAD, electrocardiographic criteria for past myocardial infarction(s), ischemic stroke, peripheral artery bypass surgery, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, or amputation because of atherosclerotic disease - Significant non-diabetic co-morbidity affecting life expectancy (e.g., malignancy) - Significant other co-morbidities (e.g. psychiatric disorder) that results in ineligibility for gastric bypass surgery - Pregnancy or planning pregnancy - Severe dyslipidemia (triglycerides >600 mg/dl or cholesterol >350 mg/dl) - Uncontrolled hypertension - Smoking


NCT ID:

NCT00787670


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Alfonso Torquati, MD
Duke University


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Durham, North Carolina 27704
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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