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Houston, Texas 77030


Purpose:

People with type 2 diabetes experience heart failure more often than do people without diabetes. This may be due to increased stiffness in the heart as a result of diabetes. This study will examine whether exenatide, a medication used to treat diabetes, may have beneficial effects on the heart in people with type 2 diabetes and heart failure.


Study summary:

Diastolic heart failure is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the ventricles of the heart become stiff and do not fully relax, preventing the heart from properly filling with blood. The circulation of blood then backs up, and blood collects in the body's organs, primarily the lungs. However, people with diastolic heart failure may have a normal ejection fraction, which is a measure of the amount of blood that the heart pumps out with each heart beat. Having type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of diastolic heart failure. Also, people with both heart failure and type 2 diabetes are more likely to experience poor health and even death than are people with only heart failure. It is possible that diabetes leads to increased stiffness of the ventricles and the aorta, which is the main blood vessel into which the heart empties. Exenatide, part of a class of medications known as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists, is a new medication that is currently used to treat elevated blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Some studies have shown that this class of medications may have a positive effect on the heart and blood vessels. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect that exenatide has on aortic and left ventricular stiffness in people who have type 2 diabetes and diastolic heart failure. This 12-week study will enroll adults with type 2 diabetes and diastolic heart failure with normal ejection fraction. At a baseline study visit, participants will undergo a physical examination, blood pressure and heart rate measurements, a blood collection, an echocardiogram to obtain images of the heart, and a non-invasive test that measures blood flow in the aorta. Participants will then be randomly assigned to receive either exenatide or usual care. Participants who receive exenatide will inject the medicine twice a day for 12 weeks. At Week 4, these participants will attend a study visit to adjust the medication dosage and to report any problems, and at Week 6, study staff will follow up with participants by phone. All participants will attend a study visit at Week 12 for repeat baseline testing.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Stable New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-IV heart failure symptoms for at least 4 weeks before study entry - Diagnosis of diastolic heart failure with a normal ejection fraction - Admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of heart failure in the 12 months before study entry - Type 2 diabetes Exclusion Criteria: - Unstable angina, heart attack, coronary artery bypass surgery, or angioplasty in the 3 months before study entry - Angina with exertion - Technically inadequate echocardiogram - Atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter - Severe valvular heart disease - Significant kidney insufficiency (serum creatinine greater than 2.0 mg/dL or require hemodialysis) - Conditions that may be associated with changes in markers of fibrosis or collagen turnover (e.g., ongoing or active rheumatological disease, requiring significant anti-inflammatory agents, immunosuppression, pulmonary fibrosis, active cancer) - Significant history of active substance abuse - Type 1 diabetes - Type 2 diabetes requiring chronic insulin use before study entry - Active thiazolidinedione (TZD) use, because TZDs have been shown to worsen volume retention and may exacerbate signs and/or symptoms of heart failure - Pregnant or breastfeeding - Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy


NCT ID:

NCT00799435


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
David Aguilar, MD
Baylor College of Medicine


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Houston, Texas 77030
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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