Expired Study
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New York, New York 10065


Purpose:

This study aims to determine if a supplement of an omega-3-fatty acid (docosahexaenoic - DHA) lowers inflammation in human fat tissue thereby lowering estrogen production and the potential risk for breast cancer. The investigators also aim to study how this occurs to discover the basis for other potential treatments to lower estrogen production in fat tissue and decrease the risk of breast cancer.


Study summary:

Breast cancer is one of the most frequently seen cancers in the United States. Breast cancer occurs at all ages but is particularly common in post menopausal women. Obesity increases the risk of breast cancer primarily of the type that is stimulated by the female sex hormone estrogen. In obesity, fat cells produce estrogen which can alter breast tissue, while lowering blood estrogen reduces the incidence of breast cancer. Inflammation of fat tissue, the coronary blood vessels and the liver are also seen with obesity. Animal experiments have shown the inflammation in fat tissue increases the production of estrogen, thus reducing inflammation in fat tissue might lower estrogen levels and the risk of breast cancer in obese women. A diet high in omega-3-fatty acids, such as those found in fish oil, has been shown in mice to reduce inflammation and aromatase expression (rate limiting enzyme for estrogen synthesis) in fat tissue. This pilot study of five obese, post-menopausal women and an additional 12 morbidly obese post-menopausal women will include nutritional and medical evaluations, a four day inpatient hospital stay on a regular diet, to measure the inflammation and the estrogen producing machinery of each volunteer subject. Following these baseline measurements, subjects will be provided DHA supplements to take daily for three months and requested to weigh themselves twice weekly at home with the goal of maintaining their weight. Telephone interviews will be performed at scheduled points to check-in with the subjects and after six weeks a return visit to the OPRC will be conducted to assess progress and provide additional supplements. At three months each subject will be readmitted to the hospital and repeat the tests performed before starting on the DHA supplement. If the study shows feasibility and positive results it will be extended to more subjects and other interventions in the future.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: Post-menopausal defined as: 1. 24 consecutive months without a menstrual period AND 2. low serum estradiol level (<40 ng/ml) to be assessed at screening AND 3. not taking any medication known to induce ammenorrhea AND 4. no known endocrine abnormality associated with irregular/absent menses. 5. BMI 35-50. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Currently taking any hormone therapy: oral, transplanted, vaginal, injected 2. Currently taking NSAIDS (if > once a week, stopped < 30 days ago) 3. Currently taking oral hypoglycemics 4. Currently taking anticoagulant mediation or stopped < 30 days ago 5. History of any malignancy or cancer treatment in the past 3 years 6. Blood Pressure > 150/90 at screening 7. History of any bleeding disorder 8. Screening LFT results > 2x normal upper limits 9. Screening renal lab results > 2x normal upper limits 10. Any condition or situation which, in the investigator's opinion, puts the patient at significant risk, could complicate the study results, or may interfere significantly with participation in the study. 11. History of intestinal malabsorption 12. Screening urinalysis positive for blood 13. History of chronic diarrhea 14. History positive for HIV 15. Currently on any medication that can alter fat stores or large bowel inflammation as deemed by the principal investigator 16. History of inflammatory bowel disease 17. Screening thyroid function test abnormal 18. Currently taking any weight control medication 19. HIV positive as per POCT rapid test at screening 20. Currently taking fish oil, omega-3 supplements or other herbals that exceed the GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe) levels 21. Fasting blood sugar greater than 126 mg/dL at screening 22. Currently taking more than 3 antihypertensive medications


NCT ID:

NCT01127867


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Peter Holt, MD
The Rockefeller University


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

New York, New York 10065
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: August 31, 2019

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