Los Angeles, California 90095

  • Social Behavior

Purpose:

This study is designed to document the loss of sociomoral emotions (like empathy, guilt, and embarrassment) in patients with behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia. The loss of these emotions, which function as the motivators for social behavior, will manifest in specific interpersonal behaviors. These behaviors will correlate with regional changes in regional changes in medial frontal and anterior temporal lobes. These social and emotional changes will be compared with a young-onset Alzheimer's disease comparison group.


Study summary:

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a devastating disorder and one the most common neurodegenerative diseases in middle age. The most prominent early manifestations of bvFTD ("behavior variant" FTD) are not the memory and other cognitive deficits typical of Alzheimer's disease (AD) but, rather, disturbance in social or interpersonal behavior. A basic manifestation of this disorder is a disturbance in the emotions and motives that drive social and moral behavior. In fact, bvFTD is an incredible window to the neuroscience of social behavior. This study will help clarify the neurobiological substrates of sociomoral emotions and their associated clinical features. The findings of this proposal can have major implications for understanding the interaction between brain and social behavior and for designing future research on the basic mechanisms of social neuroscience. This research aims to document the loss of sociomoral emotions (SME) compared to primary emotions in patients with bvFTD vs. patients with AD and normal controls. We need to show that these findings are specific to bvFTD and not present in Alzheimer's disease or normal controls. The project consists of three integrated parts: 1) behavioral measures that include observations in naturalistic settings, behavioral experiments, and behavioral scales; 2) psychophysiological reactivity (i.e., measures of heart rate, blood pressure changes, galvanic skin response, facial electromyography, and facial temperature) to social and emotional stimuli; and 3) brain localization of changes in sociomoral emotions with magnetic resonance imaging technology.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria (FTD or AD patients): - The core diagnostic features of bvFTD or NINCDS-ADRDA criteria for clinically probable AD - Mild-moderate cognitive and functional severity defined as an MMSE >/=10 and a CDR </=2.0 - Able to understand and complete procedures and to take part in the tests by hearing and understanding instructions and by seeing the stimuli to be responded to - Willingness and ability to provide informed consent; Informed consents from caregiver and patient - English speaking, having acquired English prior to age 13 and using it as primary language - Minimally impaired language (language and semantics tests cut-off scores) - Medically stable (defined as absence of medical illness that would interfere with the subject's ability to understand and participate in study procedures) - Absence of a neurological or psychiatric illness other than bvFTD or clinically probable ADB - Absence of cortical infarction, other cortical lesion, or significant subcortical lesion on MRI of brain - Absence of potentially confounding medications, particularly those with effects on the peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular agents, and β-blockers - Presence of a caregiver who can facilitate participation in this project. (see below) Where there is more than one caregiver, every effort is made to designate the closest relative as the main caregiver. Exclusion Criteria (FTD or AD patients): - Violation of any of the criteria above. Inclusion Criteria (Study Partners/Caregivers): - Personally visit and interact with the subject at least one time each week for one hour. - Accompany the subject to each visit. - Provide opinions about the subject's thinking (i.e., memory, language, problem-solving ability), daily activities (i.e., dressing, hygiene, mobility, household chores, and hobbies), and behavior (i.e., mood, sleep patterns, appetite, participation in social interactions). - Share personal information including feelings of distress about the subject's behavior or feelings of burden by caregiving responsibilities. - Read, understand and speak English fluently in order to ensure comprehension of informed consent form and informant-based assessments of the subject. - Provide full written informed consent on his/her own behalf prior to the performance of any protocol-specific procedure. - In the opinion of the investigator, the study partner will be compliant with the protocol and have a high probability of completing the study Exclusion Criteria (Study Partners): - Violation of any of the criteria above. Inclusion Criteria (Control Participants): - Denies neurological or psychiatric illness. - Not currently a caregiver for a dementia patient (for at least one year). - Does not take potentially confounding medications, including most of those with effects on the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular agents, and β-blockers. The use of these medications will be assessed during a telephone screening. Exclusion Criteria (Control Participants): - Violation of any of the criteria above.


NCT ID:

NCT01147679


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Mario F Mendez, MD, PhD
University of California, Los Angeles; Veteran's Health Administration, West Los Angeles

Jill Shapira, RN, PhD
Phone: 3107942550
Email: jshapira@mednet.ucla.edu


Backup Contact:

Email: mmather@mednet.ucla.edu
Michelle Mather, BA
Phone: 3107946038


Location Contact:

Los Angeles, California 90095
United States

Michelle Mather, BA
Phone: 310-794-6038
Email: mmather@mednet.ucla.edu

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: September 16, 2021

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