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Boston, Massachusetts 02215


Purpose:

Our goal is to determine the acute effects of intranasal insulin on regional perfusion and cognition of older adults. We propose a pilot study to examine the effect of a single dose of intranasal insulin on regional vasoreactivity and cognitive functions in 30 subjects with T2DM and 30 healthy controls >50 years old using a double blinded, placebo-controlled, cross-over design. Hypothesis 1: Intranasal insulin improves acutely regional perfusion and vasoreactivity in older patients with T2DM as compared with placebo and compared with the control group. Hypothesis 2: Intranasal insulin improves cognitive functioning including attention, memory and executive function in diabetic patients as compared with placebo and compared with control group.


Study summary:

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major risk factor for vascular dementia. DM alters insulin transport across blood-brain barrier affecting perfusion and neuronal function. Intranasal administration enables effective delivery of insulin to the brain. Clinical studies demonstrated improvement of cognitive function and memory in healthy and cognitively impaired people. Aim 1: To determine the acute effects of a single 40-IU dose of intranasal insulin vs. placebo on regional perfusion and vasoreactivity to CO2 challenge measured by 3-D continuous arterial spin labeling (CASL) MRI at 3 Tesla in the control and diabetic groups. We will use transcranial Doppler to determine the effects on intranasal insulin vs. placebo on cerebral autoregulation based on measurements of beat-to-beat pressure flow velocity relationship. Aim 2: To determine whether intranasal insulin improves cognitive functioning in older T2DM patients as compared with placebo and the control group. This translational study will address an important area about the effects of intranasal insulin on cerebral blood flow regulation and cognition in older diabetics that has not been studied. Intranasal insulin administration may provide a novel therapeutic target for prevention and treatment of microvascular disease and cerebrovascular complications of T2DM. If successful, this approach may have significant impact on the clinical management of large population of older adults with T2DM.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: Diabetes group: - 30 men and women aged >50 years old diagnosed with T2DM and treated > 5 years with oral agents - Diabetes severity will be assessed from diabetes duration, hemoglobin A1C, and fasting glucose levels. Control group: - 30 healthy men and women aged >50 years selected to have the same age and sex distributions as the diabetic subjects - Normotensive, not treated for any systemic disease, and have normal fasting blood glucose. Exclusion Criteria: - Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus - History of severe hypoglycemia or hypoglycemic episode during home baseline monitoring - Positive stress test for CAD or other ischemic conditions - Carotid stenosis > 50% by medical history - History of a clinically documented stroke - Treatment with any medications administered intranasally including intranasal steroids - Any previous adverse or allergic reactions to insulin - Acute or unstable medical condition including Myocardial infarction or major illness and surgery within six months - Liver or renal failure or transplant - Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic BP >180 and/or diastolic BP >100 mm Hg or subjects taking more than 3 antihypertensive medications) - Seizure disorders - Malignant tumors - Clinical dementia (by history) or inability to follow details of the protocol(MMSE (Mini Mental Status Exam) score (≥3 points below the Comparative Normal Value for the subject's age group and education level, or ≤ 24) - Current recreational drug or alcohol abuse - Morbid obesity (BMI >40) - Inability to obtain permission for participation from the primary care physician - Transcranial Doppler (TCD) exclusion criterion - poor insonation window and TCD signal - MR exclusion criteria - any metal or bioimplants not compatible with 3 Tesla MRI and claustrophobia - Clinically significant and movement limiting hip, knee and/or back disorders or injury, and rheumatoid arthritis


NCT ID:

NCT01206322


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Vera Novak, MD PhD
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Boston, Massachusetts 02215
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: August 31, 2019

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