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Salt Lake City, Utah 84132


The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of sodium bicarbonate versus no sodium bicarbonate treatment on urinary ammonia levels and urinary transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) excretion in renal transplant patients with low-to-normal serum bicarbonate levels (20 - 28 mmol/L).

Study summary:

Renal allograft survival ten years after transplant is only about 50%. In people with non-transplant chronic kidney disease (CKD), sodium bicarbonate treatment seems to delay progressive decline in kidney function in those with low serum bicarbonate levels (metabolic acidosis). This may be because sodium bicarbonate reduces renal ammonia production and hence fibrosis. Observational evidence suggests that people with CKD and low-normal serum bicarbonate levels might also benefit from sodium bicarbonate treatment. TGF-beta1 levels seem to be an important predictor of chronic allograft nephropathy, and alkalinizing agents may have an effect on TFG-beta1 excretion. Retrospective analysis of participants in the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension showed the lowest risk of CKD progression was among those having baseline serum bicarbonate levels in the range of 28-30 mmol/L. Recent studies in people with pre-transplant CKD have suggested that increasing low serum bicarbonate levels (< 22 mmol/L) with alkalinizing agents such as sodium bicarbonate and sodium citrate may reduce CKD progression. Design: this is an open-label randomized study testing the effect of a six-month intervention with sodium bicarbonate 650 mg orally thrice daily versus no sodium bicarbonate treatment on renal ammonia excretion and urinary TGF-beta1. Visits will occur at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. At each follow-up visit, the study coordinator or principal investigator will review a medical questionnaire with the participant and collect a sample of blood and urine for analysis of urinary TGF-beta1, metabolic panel, pH, urinary net acid excretion, urinary bicarbonate and urinary ammonia.


Inclusion Criteria: - Renal transplant recipients - Age 21-75 years - Six months since the time of the most recent transplant - Serum bicarbonate 20-28mM on the two most recent serum measures with the last six months - Stable creatinine Exclusion Criteria: - Systolic blood pressure > 140mmHg - Diastolic blood pressure > 90mmHg - Known ejection fraction <50% - Clinical diagnosis of heart failure - Use of >3 antihypertensive agents - > 1+ edema - Use of alkali in the preceding 3 months - History of noncompliance with clinic visits



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Kalani L Raphael, MD
University of Utah

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Salt Lake City, Utah 84132
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: August 31, 2019

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