Expired Study
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Baltimore, Maryland 21201


This phase II trial is studying how well giving entinostat and anastrozole together works in treating postmenopausal women with triple-negative breast cancer that can be removed by surgery. Entinostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using anastrozole may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of estrogen by the tumor cells. Giving entinostat together with anastrozole may be an effective treatment for breast cancer.

Study summary:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of entinostat in combination with anastrozole or tamoxifen. (Pilot) II. To determine the optimal dose of entinostat in combination with anastrozole or tamoxifen for phase II. (Pilot) III. To determine baseline and percentage change in proliferative index (Ki67) before and after treatment with entinostat and anastrozole/tamoxifen in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). (Phase II) IV. To determine the estrogen receptor (ER) expression after treatment with entinostat and anastrozole/tamoxifen in TNBC. (Phase II) SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate baseline and change in the expression levels of progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6), and aromatase before and after treatment with entinostat and anastrozole/tamoxifen. II. To assess baseline and change in tumor tissue histone H3 and H4 acetylation before and after treatment with entinostat and anastrozole/tamoxifen. III. To assess the clinical and pathological response to preoperative combination of entinostat and anastrozole/tamoxifen in TNBC. TERTIARY OBJECTIVES: I. To correlate the levels of histone H3 and H4 acetylation in tumors with the changes in Ki67 and ER. II. To evaluate baseline and change in gene methylation silencing and expression of candidate genes in tissues and in circulating DNA, including estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha, ER-beta, RAR-beta, cyclin D2, Twist, RASSF1A, and HIN-1. III. To correlate entinostat trough concentrations with histone H3 and H4 acetylation in tumors as well as the change in Ki67 and ER. IV. To evaluate baseline and change in the global gene expression profile before and after treatment with entinostat and anastrozole/tamoxifen. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, pilot study followed by a phase II study. Patients receive entinostat orally (PO) once daily on days 1, 8, 15, 22, and 29 and anastrozole PO once daily on days 4-29. Patients then undergo mastectomy or lumpectomy. Tumor tissue samples are collected at baseline or from original diagnosis, and during surgery for correlative studies by IHC and RT-PCR. Blood samples are also collected at baseline, on days 1 and 15, and during surgery for correlative studies. After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up for 30 days.


Inclusion Criteria - Female greater than or equal to 18 years. - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status <2 (see Appendix A). - Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast. - Evidence of hormone insensitivity (ER and PR negative) of primary tumor tissue. ER negative is define as ER 0 or < 1% staining by immunohistochemistry. PR negativity is defined as PR < 1% staining by immunohistochemistry. - HER2 negative in the primary tumor tissue as defined by: - Immunohistochemistry (IHC) Grade 0 as defined by no staining observed or membrane staining that is incomplete and is faint/barely perceptible and within ≤10% of the invasive tumor cell - IHC 1+ as defined by incomplete membrane staining that is faint/barely perceptible and within >10% of the invasive tumor cell - IHC Grade 2+ staining intensity by means of IHC analysis with no gene amplification below. - No gene amplification on ISH based on - Single-probe average HER2 copy number <4.0 signals/cell - Dual-probe HER2/CEP17 ratio <2.0 with an average HER2 copy number <4.0 signals/cell - Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. - Patients must not have received any prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or endocrine therapy for their current breast cancer. Patients who received tamoxifen or raloxifene or another agent for prevention of breast cancer may be included as long as the patient has discontinued the treatment at least one month prior to baseline study biopsy. - Women of childbearing potential must have negative (serum or urine) pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration. - Patients must have adequate tumor tissue sample prior to the enrolment available for correlative studies as defined below: - Core needle biopsy or incisional biopsy samples that can provide ≥ 3 unstained sections of 5 micron thickness. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) sample alone is not sufficient except in the second cohort. - Additional core needle biopsy needs to be performed in the patients who agree to participate in this study and do not have adequate tumor tissue sample. - Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below: - Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL - Leukocytes >2,500/mcL - Absolute neutrophil count >1,100/mcL - Platelets >100,000/mcL - Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits - AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) <2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal - Creatinine within normal institutional limits or creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal Additional Inclusion Criteria for the First cohort: - Unresected operable breast cancer that meets the following clinical stages (see Appendix B): - T1b, T1c, or T2 - N0 or N1 - M0 (No distant metastasis) Additional Inclusion Criteria for the Second cohort: - Unresectable, inoperable, recurrent local-regional breast cancer or - Metastatic (stage IV) breast cancer - Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease (i.e. ascites or pleural/pericardial effusion). Patients with bone metastatic only will be excluded. - Patients must not have rapidly progressive disease, extensive visceral involvement, or any high risk characteristics that are not appropriate for this treatment as per investigator's discretion. - Patients must receive at least one prior line of chemotherapy but not more 2 prior chemotherapy regimens for stage IV breast cancer. Prior chemotherapy in the adjuvant and /or neoadjuvant setting is permitted. However, patients must have finished chemotherapy at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment. - Patients must have an accessible tumor lesion from which a fine needle aspirate or preferably a core biopsy specimen can be obtained. Patients with FNA only samples are allowed in this cohort. Ascites or pleural/pericardial effusion alone is not sufficient. - Patients must be willing to provide consents for 2 research biopsies. However, the pretreatment biopsy can be omitted in patients who have recent biopsy but have not been started on breast cancer treatment within 12 weeks prior to the registration and there is adequate tumor tissue sample Exclusion Criteria - Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents. - Prior exposure to other HDAC inhibitors. However, prior valproic acid exposure is allowed providing ≥ 30 days wash-out period. - History of allergic reactions or hypersensitivity to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to entinostat, benzamide, anastrozole, or tamoxifen. - Any medical condition which in the opinion of the investigator puts the patient at risk of potentially serious complications while on this therapy. Examples: HIV, unstable angina, uncontrolled heart failure or hypertension, uncontrolled hyperlipidemia, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, uncontrolled systemic infection. - Previous or current systemic malignancy within the past 3 years other than breast cancer or adequately treated cervical carcinoma in situ or basal/squamous carcinoma of the skin. Inclusion of Minorities - Women of all races and ethnic groups are eligible for this trial.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Saranya Chumsri
University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Baltimore, Maryland 21201
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: August 31, 2019

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