New York, New York 10029

  • Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn


The primary objective is to determine whether High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) is a superior respiratory modality for neonates ≥36 weeks with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) when compared to the standard of care modality (NCPAP).

Study summary:

Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn, fetal lung fluid retention causing poor lung compliance and atelectasis, is a common entity in neonates ≥ 36 weeks in our unit. Currently our standard of care includes using the respiratory modality of bubble nasal continuous positive airway pressure (BNCPAP) to support these neonates during this illness. BNCPAP provides positive distending pressure to recruit alveoli and prevent atelectasis, however, it is associated with air leak (pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum), nasal irritation and necrosis, and intolerance. HFNC is another respiratory modality that uses high flow gas that also provides positive distending pressure and thus prevents atelectasis. This modality does not cause nasal irritation or necrosis and has a minimal risk of air leak. We postulate that HFNC is a superior modality to BNCPAP in treating neonates ≥ 36 weeks with TTN. This will be determined by comparing the duration of respiratory support (in hours) for newborns ≥ 36 weeks gestation with a diagnosis to TTN randomized to receive either NCPAP or HFNC for respiratory care.


Inclusion Criteria: - gestational age ≥ 35 weeks - diagnosis of TTN, defined as respiratory rate >60, presence of subcostal and /or intercostal retractions, nasal flaring, grunting, oxygen saturations 70-93% on room air, and radiological evidence of perihilar streaking and patchy infiltrates - admission to the NICU at Mount Sinai hospital within first 24 hours of life Exclusion Criteria: - gestational age < 35 weeks - history of thick meconium stained fluid and/or diagnosis of meconium aspiration syndrome - diagnosis of major congenital pulmonary or cardiac anomalies - initial CXR demonstrating air leak - respiratory distress first occurring after 24 hours of life - presumptive diagnosis of RDS as indicated by the need for FiO2 > 40%, severe retractions and grunting with poor air entry, and diffuse alveolar consolidation on chest radiograph



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Andrea Weintraub, MD
Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

New York, New York 10029
United States

Loren M DeLuca, DO
Phone: 212-241-6186

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: December 07, 2022

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