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Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105


The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of 6-weeks of relaxation acupressure compared to stimulating acupressure or a standard of care on sleep and daytime functioning. Also, to evaluate the ability of teaching acupressure using web-based applications. It is believed that self-administered relaxation acupressure will result in improvements of sleep quality and quantity as compared to stimulating acupressure or a standard of care.

Study summary:

Insomnia is a significant health problem and is associated with increased mental health issues: It is estimated that 9% to 15% of the adult population suffers from chronic insomnia. These estimates are considerably higher in primary care where from 20% to 33% suffer from chronic insomnia. Insomnia adversely affects psychological, physical and occupational functioning and places a significant burden on society. Moreover, several cohort studies have found that people with insomnia have significantly higher absenteeism at work, report poor self-esteem, less job satisfaction, and less efficiency at work compared to good sleepers. Acupressure is a TCM technique based on a philosophy similar to that of acupuncture (the placement and stimulation of very fine needles into acupuncture points). Acupressure involves placing physical pressure by fingers, thumb, elbow, or with the aid of various devices such as pencil erasers on different acupuncture points (acupoints). Depending on the date of the review and the inclusion criteria, e.g., searched in Chinese language databases, there are anywhere from 7^12 to 4^68 randomized clinical trials (RCT) of various types of acupuncture (inclusive of acupressure) for treating insomnia. Regardless of the review the conclusions are remarkably consistent. Mainly, that the majority of RCTs demonstrated that acupuncture was significantly more effective than BDZs, sleep hygiene counseling, no treatment and sham acupuncture for treating insomnia. The investigators will attempt to prove that self-administered Relaxation Acupressure (RA) will result in improvements in measures of sleep quality and quantity, compared to Stimulating Acupressure (SA) and a wait list control (WL). Also, that they will be able to teach the acupressure points using a web-based application. Participants will be randomized into 1 of 3 arms; RA, SA, or WL (standard of care). If randomized into one of the acupressure arms, the participants will view their appropriate acupressure training lesson online and be tested on their understanding. They will also be asked to perform their acupoints once per day for a total of 6 weeks.


Inclusion Criteria: - 18-65 years of age - Meet DSM-IV criteria for primary insomnia - Insomnia must also be documented on two weeks of a baseline sleep diary Exclusion Criteria: - Diagnosis or high clinical suspicion of a sleep disorder other than insomnia - Evidence of a unstable Axis I psychiatric disorder - Evidence of an uncontrolled medical disorder or pain syndrome that affects sleep, causes daytime sleepiness, or is likely to be causally associated with the insomnia - Current pharmacological or non-pharmacological insomnia treatment - Routine overnight shift work - Previous failed trial of acupuncture or acupressure



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Suzanna M Zick, ND, MPH
, Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: August 31, 2019

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