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Henderson, North Carolina 27710


The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of a stigma reduction intervention in Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)-positive women using a video of first-person narratives delivered via personal Ipod Touch.

Study summary:

Nearly 30 years into the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, stigma is still hampering efforts to stop its spread. Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)-infected women are particularly vulnerable to both perceived and enacted stigma, which together are referred to as internalized stigma. As the demographic face of HIV infection in the US has changed from being largely a disease of gay white men to one of poor minority women, the debilitating effects of stigma have worsened. It has a profound impact on prevention and treatment efforts; women with HIV infection may be fearful of insisting that their sexual partners wear condoms because of the possibility that this may signal their serostatus, and they may not want to take antiretroviral medications in front of others, fearing that people may ask questions about their pills and the reasons for taking them. The effects of stigma include a cascade of other negative outcomes as well, including poor self-esteem and self-efficacy, especially self-efficacy for disclosure and for coping. Yet it is nearly impossible to intervene with those who stigmatize others because this group is often as broad as the general public, and they may not be interested in an intervention. Therefore, the best approach may be to work with women who are experiencing stigma, in an effort to decrease stigma, improve self-esteem and coping self-efficacy, and facilitate safe disclosure. To date, there have been few interventions to help HIV-infected women deal with stigma. One option would be a video converted to an Moving Picture 4 (MP4) file that can be viewed on an iPod Touch, a small portable viewing device, allowing the woman privacy and safety in viewing. Barroso (primary investigator on the proposed study) assisted in the creation of a video on stigma for women with HIV infection, based on the results of a qualitative metasynthesis. The 45-minute video presents vignettes about five seropositive women and the ways in which stigma has impacted their lives. The primary aim of the proposed study is to assess the feasibility, acceptability and utility of implementing this low-cost, technologically delivered intervention to mitigate the negative effects of HIV-related stigma on seropositive women. The secondary aim is to compare outcomes across time in women who receive the stigma intervention with those of a control group receiving usual care at baseline, 30, and 90 days, and to determine effect sizes for a larger definitive study to test the efficacy of this intervention in reducing internalized stigma, improving coping self-efficacy and self-esteem, and facilitating safe disclosure in HIV-infected women. The investigators believe that this intervention is innovative because they are the first investigators to propose using a video, developed from the findings of a metasynthesis of studies about stigma as it is experienced by HIV-infected women, for this purpose. It is also innovative in the use of a portable viewing device which will allow the women to safely and privately view the video. The investigators further believe that this intervention has the potential to make a significant impact, at a low cost in terms of money and personnel time, in mitigating stigma.


Inclusion Criteria: - speaks, understands, and reads English - Scores over 40 on Internalized Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Stigma Scale - HIV positive - mentally competent to give informed consent



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Julie Barroso, PhD
Duke University School of Nursing

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Henderson, North Carolina 27710
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: August 31, 2019

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