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Mineola, New York 11501

  • Hypercalcemia


The purpose of this non-inferiority study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of a mineral and bone disease treatment protocol based on calcitriol to one based on paricalcitol in hemodialysis patients using revised Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) parathyroid hormone targets.

Study summary:

Active vitamin D analogs have been the mainstay of treatment for patients on hemodialysis with mineral and bone disease (MBD) for the past decade. Intravenous calcitriol is an active vitamin D analog which is nearly identical to natural 1, 25 Vitamin D3. Calcitriol results from the hydroxylation of previtamin D3 in the liver and kidney. Paricalcitol, 19-nor-1 , 25-dihydroxyvitamin D2, is a newer agent vitamin D analog. This agent is believed to have an effect more specific to the parathyroid gland, and less specific to absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the gut. Although both formulations appear equally effective in suppressing parathyroid hormone (PTH), studies have suggested a greater calcemic effect with intravenous calcitriol as compared to paricalcitol (1). Due to this, paricalcitol is the predominant active vitamin D analog used in hemodialysis patients in the United States. Two recent changes in the management of hemodialysis patients will likely reduce the amount of active vitamin D analogs used in the near future: the liberalization of PTH goals according to international guidelines, (2) and the implementation of bundled payments for dialysis by Medicare. These changes challenge previous studies that have analyzed the safety and efficacy of these medications. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, cross-over study will be to determine whether calcitriol is as safe and effective as paricalcitol in the treatment of MBD in hemodialysis patients using the revised KDIGO parathyroid hormone targets. Our hypothesis is that calcitriol will be as equally safe and effective as paricalcitol in the treatment of MBD in hemodialysis patients.


Inclusion Criteria: - All subjects will have been treated for at least three months on hemodialysis with IV paricalcitol. These subjects must have a most recent calcium level within the normal range, most recent phosphorus level < 8 mg/dL and a most recent PTH between 130-585 pg/mL Exclusion Criteria: Patients will be excluded if: 1. age greater than 18 2. active malignancy 3. expected survival greater than 6 months 4. high likelihood of renal transplant during the study period. 5. Low calcium bath 6. prior parathyroidectomy 7. use of calcimimetics



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Shayan Shirazian, MD
Winthrop University Hospital

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Mineola, New York 11501
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: June 23, 2021

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