New York, New York 10021


Purpose:

Cigarette smoking is the major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the 4th cause of mortality in the US. Central to COPD pathogenesis is "ciliopathy", dysfunction of the airway ciliated cells that mediate transport of mucus to remove inhaled pathogens. The focus of this study is to carry out metabolic profiling of banked biologic samples and assess the hypothesis that COPD is associated with a unique metabolome in serum and lung epithelial lining fluid, and that subsets of the COPD metabolome are linked to the ciliopathy of COPD.


Study summary:

Cigarette smoking is the major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the 4th cause of mortality in the US. Central to COPD pathogenesis is "ciliopathy", dysfunction of the airway ciliated cells that mediate transport of mucus to remove inhaled pathogens. The COPD ciliopathy leads to mucus accumulation, impaired host defense and recurrent infections. Using a state-of-the-art platform for global metabolite profiling and unique cohorts with serum and lung biologic samples, our deliverables are to identify a metabolome focused on biomarkers related to airway ciliopathy in COPD, and use the observed metabolic changes to: (1) direct mechanistic studies to define ciliopathy at a molecular level; (2) identify novel targets for therapeutic intervention in COPD; and (3) identify smokers at high risk for COPD. Preliminary metabolic data led to our first clues - COPD smokers have decreased serum citrulline levels, consistent with a deficiency in lung nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, and thus lung nitric oxide (NO) deficiency. This, together with supporting data of a smoking-induced NOS/NO-related ciliopathy, and knowledge that smokers have significant oxidant-related changes in the airway epithelial transcriptome, led to our aims, combining metabolomics of defined cohorts, murine and human mechanistic studies and computational / statistical integration. Aim 1. To carry out metabolic profiling of banked biologic samples of our characterized cohorts to assess the hypothesis that COPD is associated with a unique metabolome in serum and lung epithelial lining fluid, and that subsets of the COPD metabolome are linked to the ciliopathy of COPD. Aim 2. To combine metabolic profiling and in vitro studies of human and murine airway epithelium to evaluate the hypothesis that there is a link between the COPD metabolome (focusing on the inferred NO deficiency) and mechanisms underlying the ciliopathy of COPD. Aim 3. Characterize and quantify the cigarette smoke induced "redoxome" in lung and serum and assess its role in ciliated cell dysfunction. Studies seek to identify a link between smoking, a burden of oxidants to the lung epithelium and the pathogenesis of COPD - potentially providing biomarker(s) that predict which smokers will develop COPD and identifying new targets for therapy of COPD.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: All study subjects should be able to provide informed consent Males or females ages 18 years and older Must provide HIV informed consent Lung disease proven by at least one of the following: symptoms consistent with pulmonary disease; (2) chest X-rays consistent with lung disease; (3) pulmonary function tests consistent with lung disease; (4) lung biopsy consistent with lung disease; (5) family history of lung disease; and/or (6) diseases of organs with known association with lung disease Exclusion Criteria: Individuals not deemed in good overall health by the investigator will not be accepted into the study. Habitual use of drugs and/or alcohol within the past six months (Acceptable: Marijuana one time in three months; average of two alcoholic beverages per day; drug and/or alcohol abuse is defined as per the DSM-IV Substance Abuse Criteria). Individuals with history of chronic lung disease, including asthma or with recurrent or recent (within three months) acute pulmonary disease will not be accepted into the study. Individuals with allergies to atropine or any local anesthetic will not be accepted into the study. Individuals with allergies to pilocarpine, isoproterenol, terbutaline, atropine or aminophylline will not be accepted into the study. Females who are pregnant or nursing will not be accepted into the study Any history of allergies to xylocaine, lidocaine, versed, valium, atropine, pilocarpine, isoproterenol, terbutaline, aminophylline, or any local anesthetic will not be included in the study Patient refuses consent


NCT ID:

NCT01974154


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Ronald G Crystal, MD
Weill Medical College of Cornell University

Grace Mammen, BA, CCRP
Phone: 646-962-2672
Email: gwm2004@med.cornell.edu


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

New York, New York 10021
United States

Grace Mammen, BA
Phone: 646-962-4537
Email: gwm2004@med.cornell.edu

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: June 25, 2018

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