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Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104


This study is intended to compare the acceptability and feasibility and explore outcomes related to two different formats of a parenting program for mothers with postpartum depressive symptoms. One version will be a traditional, in-person group format, while the other will be a social media group format. The investigators will also explore the differences in outcomes of both formats, looking at depressive symptoms, parenting sense of competency, and parenting interactions with children.

Study summary:

Postpartum depressive symptoms are common among women following the birth of a child and can adversely impact a mother's ability to care for her child. Evidence-based parent coaching programs have been developed to guide mothers with caring for their infants but do not address the effects of depression on parenting, can be expensive to administer, and are not available in a format that facilitates participation by women with depressive symptoms. We have adapted a previously validated parent coaching intervention, the Parents Interacting with Infants (PIWI) program, for use with depressed parents by inclusion of educational material based on Beardslee's cognitive psycho-educational family model. The program spans 8 weeks, each week focusing on a specific topic. The topics covered are: psychoeducation regarding depression and behavioral activation for coping with high levels of stress, sleep, play, laughter, feeding, temperament, safety, and reading with infants. We will conduct a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing two versions of the parent coaching program: social media and traditional in-person group formats. We've modified the PIWI program to address barriers to participation through social media format using secret Facebook user groups. We will assess the feasibility and acceptability of the social media program compared to a traditional group format by examining the proportion of subjects who attend group sessions or "like" Facebook sessions. Women who consent to participate in the study will be assigned by randomization to one format or the other in blocks of 20. Women will complete measures of feasibility and acceptability and measures of depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory-II [BDI-II - Appendix 2] Scale) and parenting competence (Parenting Sense of Competency [PSOC - Appendix 3] scales) prior to (time 0) and after the intervention (time 8-12 weeks post enrollment). In addition, mothers and infants in phase III will be videotaped during a 16-minute free play using a standardized measure of parenting interaction (PICCOLO) following completion of the intervention. The measures will provide important information on the effects of parent coaching formats on a new mother's depressive symptoms, her sense of parenting confidence, and her parenting interactions with her infant.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Females 2. 15 years of age or older at the start of the study 3. English speaking 4. Access to the internet via a computer or a smartphone 5. Mother of a child 1-3 months old 6. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score of 9 or higher 7. Informed consent and HIPAA authorization. Exclusion Criteria: 1) Have significant suicidal symptoms. Significant suicide risk is defined as current suicidal intent and a plan for suicidal behavior.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
James P Guevara, MD, MPH
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: June 25, 2018

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