Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226


This study evaluates 670 nm energy in the form of red light to stimulate blood flow changes in healthy adults. All participants will receive red light to their leg. They will also receive a continuous infusion of Definity (octafluoropropane) ultrasound contrast.

Study summary:

670 nm energy in the form of red light dilates isolated blood vessels. This study seeks to measure vessel dilation in human subjects exposed to this energy at different irradiance intensities (25 milliwatts (mW)/cm2 and 75 mW/cm2). The intent of this protocol is to measure blood flow in the gastrocnemius muscle before and after exposure to 670 nm light energy. This protocol will be performed in healthy subjects, who do not meet exclusion criteria. The study consists of one visit. Blood flow measurement will be performed using contrast enhanced ultrasound, a method by which ultrasound contrast is continuously infused into the blood stream. Ultrasound records images in the area of interest and flow is related to the intensity of the contrast in each image. After baseline blood flow images are collected, the subject will receive red light energy to the gastrocnemius muscle with concurrent blood flow measurements with contrast ultrasound. The subject will be monitored post procedure and the study will then be completed.


Inclusion Criteria: - Participants will be healthy subjects over the age of 18. - Men and women will be recruited for participation. - All ethnicities will be included in this study. Exclusion Criteria: Exclusionary criteria include: - age under 18 years and those over 60 years of age, - those who are unable to understand the consent process, - those who cannot read or speak English, - a history of cancer, - peripheral artery disease, - diabetes mellitus, - active pregnancy, - hypersensitivity to perflutren contrast agents, - pulmonary hypertension, - chronic kidney disease, - active tobacco or drug use, - blood pressure over 160/90, BMI>30, - sickle cell disease, or - history of intracardiac shunt. Additional exclusion criteria include: - a history of coronary artery disease, - heart failure, - the presence of an implanted defibrillator or pacemaker, - a history of heart murmur or rhythm disorder (atrial fibrillation, atrial tachycardia, or ventricular tachycardia), - neurological diseases such as stroke, and - any uncontrolled medical conditions.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Nicole L Lohr, MD, PhD
Medical College of Wisconsin

Nicole L Lohr, MD, PhD
Phone: 414-955-4261

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226
United States

Nicole L Lohr, MD PhD
Phone: 414-955-4261

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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