Stanford, California 94305


This is a randomized, controlled, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of intranasal Avastin (bevacizumab) injection versus saline control for control of HHT-related epistaxis when used in conjunction with bipolar electrocautery.

Study summary:

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by systemic vascular malformations that result from mutations of the ENG gene, which encodes for factors in the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway. HHT is diagnosed by the Curacao Criteria including the presence of epistaxis; telangiectasias or vascular malformations in the lungs, liver, or nervous system; and a positive family history involving a first-degree relative. One of the most common presentations of this disease is recurrent and profound epistaxis, with many patients reporting more than 4 epistaxis episodes in a day, many lasting up to an hour. HHT-related epistaxis often results in severe anemia requiring intravenous iron and repeated blood transfusions, and also carries significant psychosocial disability relating to impaired quality of life and work absenteeism. Multiple approaches to treatment have been described, including electrocautery, laser treatment, embolization, septodermoplasty, and as a last resort, Young's procedure, involving closure of the nasal vestibule. These approaches are largely palliative, with variable effectiveness, and almost always require repeated procedures for chronic management of bleeding. There is a great need for the development of new treatment options for reducing the medical morbidity and quality of life impairment associated with refractory epistaxis in HHT. Recently there has been promising data suggesting that inhibition of angiogenesis may be an effective strategy for managing HHT-related bleeding. Circulating concentrations of VEGF are significantly elevated in HHT, making VEGF an attractive therapeutic target. Preliminary studies suggest that bevacizumab, a recombinant monoclonal antibody that inhibits the biologic activity of VEGF, can significantly improve epistaxis severity when topically applied, locally injected, or intravenously administered. However, these early pilot studies of bevacizumab have been limited exclusively to retrospective case series. As yet, there has been no prospective double-blind placebo controlled trial with serial follow up time points to establish the role of bevacizumab in the treatment of HHT-related epistaxis. Based on existing level 4 evidence that suggests that bevacizumab injection is beneficial in the management of HHT-related epistaxis, we hypothesize that patients who receive intranasal injection with bevacizumab at the time of electrocautery treatment will have an improvement in the frequency and severity of epistaxis compared to patients who receive injection of saline control.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. The patient carries a diagnosis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) 2. The patient is to undergo treatment with electrocautery in the operating room under endoscopic visualization 3. The patient is able to give informed consent 4. The patient is at least 18 years old Exclusion Criteria: 1. The patient has had prior treatment with systemic or nasal bevacizumab within the past year 2. The patient has undergone electrocautery for epistaxis within the 6 months prior to study enrollment 3. The patient is a minor 4. The patient is pregnant 5. The patient is incapable of understanding the consent process 6. The patient has a history of HIV or another known cause of immunosuppression, or is actively taking immunosuppressive medications due to organ transplantation, rheumatoid disease, or other medical conditions.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Peter H Hwang, MD
Stanford University, Department of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery

Amelia K Clark, MD

Backup Contact:

Chelsey Perry
Phone: (650) 723-6116

Location Contact:

Stanford, California 94305
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

Modifications to this listing: Only selected fields are shown, please use the link below to view all information about this clinical trial.

Click to view Full Listing

If you would like to be contacted by the clinical trial representative please fill out the form below.