Expired Study
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Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201


To examine whether providing patients with a cue to the availability of pain medication affects patient satisfaction, patient anxiety, PCA efficacy, and safety.

Study summary:

Post-operative pain is primarily managed via Patient-Controlled Analgesia (PCA). The newest PCA pumps can be programmed so that the button is backlit with a green light at the end of the lockout period, and the green light flashes when the medication is being dispensed. No studies have examined whether this type of visual cue would influence satisfaction or other patient outcomes (such as opioid consumption, PCA safety and patient anxiety) in children and adolescents, and no studies have examined whether pediatric patients' perspectives would be similar to those of adults.


Inclusion Criteria: - 7-18 years - Opioid naïve - Scheduled for a surgery for which a PCA is routinely used for post-operative pain management - At least 1 parent speaks English Exclusion Criteria: - Prior experience with PCA - Cognitive delay precluding independent use of the PCA button - Current use of anxiolytics or antidepressants - Patients receiving epidural analgesia



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Keri R. Hainsworth, PhD
Medical College of Wisconsin

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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