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Atlanta, Georgia 30322


Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has increased worldwide in both frequency and severity. It is the leading cause of hospital acquired infection in developed countries and has been associated with at least 14,000 deaths per year in the United States. With 3 million cases/ year, the annual cost for treating the infection is exceeding 3 billion dollars. It can also have a profound negative impact on quality of life. The investigators believe that patients who are at high risk of relapse after a first CDI episode would benefit from early fecal microbial transplant (FMT). The proposed study will produce preliminary data regarding safety and efficacy and potential for cost effectiveness for the use of early fecal transplant in those patients with their first episode of non-refractory CDI who are predicted to have a high rate of recurrence based on previously published risk factors. The investigators will be better prepared to test the efficacy of this approach in a future multicenter clinical trial in a randomized controlled fashion. The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness and safety of early fecal transplant using donor stool from a healthy person in a group of patients who are diagnosed with their first episode of Clostridium difficile infection and are predicted to have a high chance of the infection returning against a similar group of patients who receive current standard of care for treatment of C.difficile. The investigators hypothesize: - that clinical remission rates at 12 weeks as noted by absence of clinical symptoms and/or negative C.difficile stool polymerase chain reaction (PCR) will be greater in the experimental arm compared to the control arm - that patients in the experimental group will have a low microbial diversity prior to FMT but will exhibit a high microbial diversity after the FMT that resembles the respective donor - that the microbial diversity will be diminished in both groups at the time of enrollment, but the experimental group will exhibit a higher microbial diversity compared to the control population at 12 weeks - that patients in both groups will exhibit poor quality of life at the time of enrollment, however, the experimental group will demonstrate higher quality of life compared to the control group at follow up after completion of treatment - that costs incurred by the experimental group will be less than the control group

Study summary:

Treatment of CDI remains challenging, especially in those with recurrent disease. Failures rates of 20-30% with initial treatment have been reported, and up to 65% fail after a third course of antibiotics. In addition, costs of treatment, which can be upward of $3000 for a 10 day course of a single antibiotic, may leave many patients and their families financially overburdened. Use of FMT has shown to be effective with cure rates above 80%, safe even in immunocompromised patients, and cost effective in those with recurrent (3 or more) episodes of C.difficile. Emory University and Emory Clinic have performed over 100 FMT's since July 2012 for treatment of recurrent or refractory CDI and has had similar cure rates. Current treatment approaches for CDI limit the use of fecal transplant to those who have had more than 2 recurrences with at least one failure of a 6-8 week taper with vancomycin or at least 2 episodes of severe CDI resulting in hospitalization or refractory CDI defined as moderate CDI not responding to standard therapy for at least one week (5). However, the investigators feel that by attempting to perform FMT early after a first episode in those at high risk of recurrence, decreased recurrence rates, improved quality of life, and lower health care costs will be seen. Patients who participate will be randomized to one of two groups - one group who receives a fecal transplant and another group who will not receive a fecal transplant. A fecal transplant using a sigmoidoscopy will occur after the subjects in the fecal transplant arm complete the course of antibiotics for treatment of the C.difficile infection. Healthy stool from a donor will be infused into the colon to help replenish good bacteria that patients with C.difficile infection often do not have. The group that does not undergo FMT will take antibiotics and probiotic therapy for management of CDI as part of standard of care.


Inclusion Criteria: Patients must meet all of the following criteria to be eligible for the study: - First or second episode of CDI responding to therapy - Must have 2 or more of the following criteria: 1. Age >65 2. Severe underlying disease (measured by Horn index score of 3 or 4) 3. Additional non-C.difficile antibiotic exposure during CDI episode 4. Use of antacids 5. Previous episode of CDI - Willingness to accept a fecal product made using unrelated donor stool and to comply with study protocol requirements - Able to give informed consent - Chronic infection with HIV, HBV, HCV is permitted unless the viral infection compromises the ability of the patient to safely participate in the study. Patients with a CD4 count <200 and/ or AIDS defining illness or decompensated cirrhosis will not be eligible for the study. - Life expectancy >4 months Exclusion Criteria: - Any of the following: acute leukemia, history of allogenic or recent (within 6 months) autologous bone marrow transplant, or use of cytotoxic chemotherapy within 2 months - ANC <1000/mm^3 - History of inflammatory bowel disease - History of total colectomy - Pregnant or nursing mothers - History of significant food allergy to foods not excluded from the donor diet - Patient has any other condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would jeopardize the safety or rights of the subject participating in the study, would make it unlikely for the subject to complete the study, or would confound the results of the study - Patients who are aged 80 years or greater - Patients who are incarcerated - Patient with cognitive impairment or severe neuropsychiatric co morbidities who are incapable of giving consent - Inherited/primary immune disorders - Patients who are unwilling or unable to undergo sigmoidoscopy - Unable to comply with protocol requirements - Patients with untreated, in-situ colorectal cancer



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Tanvi Dhere, MD
Emory University

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Atlanta, Georgia 30322
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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