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Houston, Texas 77030


This study will evaluate how improved cerebral blood flow affects the way in which newly formed MS lesions evolve and whether tissue repair is improved. Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) will be treated with acetazolamide in daily divided doses and obtain MRI to determine how much and in which regions of the brain cerebral perfusion improves as well as the extent to which tissue integrity is improved in these areas.

Study summary:

Cerebral perfusion is altered in many disease states, including MS. Altered perfusion has been seen in patients with all multiple sclerosis (MS) phenotypes and is well established as occurring early in relapsing-remitting disease. Previous research in our laboratory has shown that reduced cerebral perfusion in MS patients is a precursor to the formation of chronic lesions. In addition, studies have suggested that "virtual hypoxia", resultant from the combination of diminished cerebral perfusion and increased energy demand, contributes to tissue damage that strongly correlates with clinical disability in persons with MS. Our preliminary studies have already shown short-term increases in global and regional cerebral perfusion in MS patients after therapy with acetazolamide (ACZ). The central hypothesis is that if cerebral perfusion is important in tissue injury, then MS lesions within hypoperfused areas are more likely to develop permanent tissue damage, and medications that improve cerebral perfusion might beneficially alter the evolution of MS plaques, enhance remyelination and repair and diminish clinical disability progression. Forty MS patients will be enrolled in this single-center exploratory RCT. Half of the patients will be randomly assigned to get ACZ treatment in phase 1 consisting of 24 weeks on ACZ, followed by another 24 weeks on ACZ during phase 2. The other half of the patients will be assigned to placebo for 24 weeks in phase 1 and then switched to ACZ and followed for 24 weeks in phase 2. This study will utilize various imaging techniques to determine the degree to which cerebral blood flow is improved in MS subjects after administration of ACZ.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Diagnosis of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis using revised McDonald criteria 2. Stable on either subcutaneous glatiramer acetate (Copaxone), interferon beta-1b (Betaseron, Extavia), or interferon beta-1a (Rebif) or intramuscular interferon beta-1a (avonex). The term "stable" implies that the subject has not had change in therapy for any reason for the 12 months prior to study entry. 3. Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of 0-6.0 inclusive 4. Understood and signed written informed consent, obtained prior to the study subject undergoing any study related procedure, including screening tests. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Known hypersensitivity to sulfonamides or derivatives 2. Known history of renal or hepatic disease, cerebrovascular disease including stroke, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, angina or congestive heart failure. 3. Evidence to suggest hyponatremia or hypokalemia, marked kidney dysfunction defined as creatinine greater than 2.0 mg/dL or liver disease dysfunction defined as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) greater than three-fold upper limit of normal (ULN). 4. Evidence to suggest suprarenal gland failure. 5. Evidence of hyperchloremic acidosis. 6. Initiation of new immunosuppressant treatment after the subject becomes protocol-eligible (except for corticosteroids) or enrollment in a concurrent trial. 7. Prior treatment with mitoxantrone, natalizumab, methotrexate, cladribine cyclophosphamide or other change in disease modifying therapy (DMT) within 6 months of initiation of study. 8. Subjects with any history of cytopenia. 9. History of pulmonary obstruction or emphysema. 10. Active hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection or evidence of cirrhosis. 11. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positivity. 12. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus defined as HbA1c>8% and/or requiring intensive management. 13. Uncontrolled viral, fungal, or bacterial infection (excluding asymptomatic bacteriuria). 14. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigators, would jeopardize the ability of the subject to tolerate treatment with ACZ. 15. Prior history of malignancy. 16. Positive pregnancy test or inability or unwillingness to use effective means of birth control. Effective birth control defines as: - Refraining from all acts of vaginal intercourse (abstinence) - Consistent use of birth control pills - Tubal sterilization or male partner who has undergone vasectomy - Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) - Use, with every act of intercourse, of a diaphragm with contraceptive jelly and/or condoms with contraceptive foam 17. Presence of metallic objects implanted in the body that would preclude the ability of the subject to safely have MRI exams. 18. Psychiatric illness, mental deficiency, or cognitive dysfunction making compliance with treatment of informed consent impossible.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
John Lincoln, MD, PhD

John A Lincoln, MD, PhD
Phone: 713-500-7016
Email: john.a.lincoln@uth.tmc.edu

Backup Contact:

Email: james.r.jemelka@uth.tmc.edu
James Jemelka

Location Contact:

Houston, Texas 77030
United States

John A Lincoln, MD, PhD
Phone: 713-500-7016
Email: john.a.lincoln@uth.tmc.edu

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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