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New Haven, Connecticut 06511


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to use a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) to describe the day to day blood glucose variability in youth with type 2 diabetes. The hypothesis is that CGM will identify caloric and exercise related variation in blood glucose that is not identified by the subjects' current regimen of intermittent finger stick blood glucose measurements.


Study summary:

The TODAY study and other studies have reported disappointing results of intensive life-style programs alone or in combination with metformin in maintaining optimal control of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in adolescents. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) has been successful in lifestyle modification in adults with T2D but use of CGM has not been studied in youth with T2D. Thus the feasibility of this technology should be evaluated in this patient population as it may prove to be an effective adjunct to treatment in the future. Youth with type 2 diabetes will be approached for enrollment in this study. The study will be explained to volunteers who meet eligibility criteria and informed consent/assent will be obtained. Demographic data will be recorded. A medical history will be performed. A urine pregnancy test (in women) will be measured to confirm eligibility. Height, weight, BMI, percent body fat, fat mass, and fat free mass will be measured. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) will be measured. After enrollment a blinded CGM will be placed. CGM is a device inserted under the skin on the abdomen which monitors glucose levels every 5 minutes, recording this information. CGM is commonly worn by kids with type 1 diabetes. The study will allow collection of information on glucose variability in much greater detail than can be seen from intermittent fingerstick glucose values or from an oral glucose tolerance test. Subjects will meet with a nutritionist to learn how to keep a food record. They will be given empty food records to complete for each day. They will also be given an accelerometer and instructed in its use, however they will remain blinded to the data obtained. The study will be 5 days in length. Subjects will be urged to continue their normal eating and activity behaviors. During the study period blood sugar and CGM data will be recorded via glucometer and sensor downloads, dietary intake via food record, and activity via accelerometer. Glucometer testing of blood glucose is required at least every 12 hours to calibrate the CGM. To minimize the need for overnight tests to calibrate the CGM, subjects will be asked to check their blood sugar using a glucometer 3 times a day, preferably fasting in the morning before breakfast, before dinner, and at bedtime. To optimize the accuracy of dietary intake records, subjects will be contacted frequently and the food record information recorded by study personnel. Subjects will be given a "morning checklist" to keep in a visible area to improve compliance by reminding them to keep study devices with them all day. At the follow-up visit the CGM will be downloaded revealing blood glucose tracings for the study period. Additionally the completed food records will be collected and the accelerometer will be downloaded.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Clinical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes - Duration of type 2 diabetes ≥ 3 months - Naïve to continuous glucose monitoring - Willing to wear a continuous glucose monitor for 5 days - Willing to check blood sugar at least every 12 hours, preferably 3 times a day - Willing to wear an accelerometer for 5 days - Willing to keep a food record for 5 days, including frequent phone contact from the research staff - Be in good general health without other acute or chronic illness that in the judgment of the investigator could interfere with the study or jeopardize subject safety - Able to give informed consent (for children <18 years, permission from parents and subject assent will be required) - Female subjects of reproductive potential must be abstinent or consistently using appropriate family planning methods Exclusion Criteria: - Presence of any medical or psychiatric disorder that may interfere with subject safety or study conduct - Use of any medications (besides insulin and/or metformin) known to effect blood glucose levels, including oral or other systemic glucocorticoid therapy - Subjects using herbal supplements will be excluded, due to the unknown effects of these supplements on glucose control - History of hypoglycemic seizure within last year or frequent hypoglycemia (≥2 time a month) - Female subjects who are pregnant, lactating, or unwilling to be tested for pregnancy


NCT ID:

NCT02293577


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Michelle Van Name
Yale University


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

New Haven, Connecticut 06511
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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