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Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to compare the accuracy of different apex locators. Before root canal therapy, dentists use a device called an electronic apex locator (EAL) to measure the root canal and to locate its opening at the tip of the tooth's root (called the apical foramen). A root canal is the space inside the root of a tooth. If the tissue within the root canal becomes infected, dentists may perform root canal therapy.


Study summary:

This study will generate data to compare the efficacy of three different manufactures of an instrument commonly used in dental clinics. The instruments are known as electronic apex locators (EAL). Electronic apex locators are used to measure the length of a root canal and to locate its opening at the end of the tooth's root (called the apical foramen). A root canal is the space inside the root of a tooth. If the tissue within the root canal becomes diseased, dentists may perform root canal therapy; for this reason the accuracy of the EAL is very important. In this study patients who are scheduled for tooth extraction as part of their standard of care will be pre-screened by record review for candidacy as study subjects. If the scheduled patients screen as potentially eligible by reviewing their records, then they will be approached by the study team at the time of their pre-extraction consultation visit (this is a visit which occurs prior to the extraction visit). Only teeth scheduled to be extracted are suitable for this study. On the day of their standard of care tooth or teeth extraction(s) prior to the extraction the study team will conduct measurements with the EALs. After the EAL measurements the standard of care extractions will occur as standard of care, outside of the study, and by the patient's clinician. Extracted teeth will be given to the study team as long as they are not needed for further pathological review (extracted teeth are usually discarded and are rarely sent to a lab for further analysis). Also the teeth must be extracted without breaking. the study team will analyze them (ex-vivo) to generate true root measurements which will be compared to the data generated prior to extraction by the instruments which are the subject of this study. The instruments are the subject of this study, but in-vivo data generated by the instruments will be compared to ex-vivo data gained by measurements after the tooth/teeth is/are extracted.


Criteria:

Inclusion criteria: 1. Be an adult over 18 years of age. 2. Multi-rooted teeth (molar or premolar) scheduled for extraction because of non-restorability, orthodontic or periodontal reasons 3. Be able to understand and provide informed consent for participation in the protocol Exclusion criteria: 1. Any liver, kidney, heart, blood, metabolic or systemic disease which may make execution of the protocol or interpretation of the results difficult 2. History of syphilis, HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C 3. Pregnant 4. Currently receiving radiation 5. Any other medical/physical condition the PI deems unacceptable for participation. 6. Patient unable to provide informed consent 7. Plan to participate in another clinical trial within 30 days of entrance into this study 8. Tooth with "non-intact crown" 9. Presence of an electronic implantable device (pacemaker, etc)


NCT ID:

NCT02521909


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Neville McDonald, BDS, MS
University of Michigan


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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