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San Diego, California 92093


Purpose:

The investigators hypothesis is that upper airway collapsibility (Pcrit) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can be measured using equipment found in the clinical sleep laboratory and these Pcrit measurements obtained using clinical sleep laboratory equipment is comparable to those obtained using research equipment. OSA is a common disease characterized by repetitive collapse of the upper airway during sleep, leading to hypoxemia and arousals, and which has important neurocognitive and cardiovascular consequences. The single most important factor in the development of OSA is upper airway collapsibility: those with a more collapsible upper airway tend to have OSA while those with a stiffer upper airway do not. The gold standard treatment for OSA is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), which acts by stenting open the collapsible airway. Upper airway collapsibility can be measured during sleep by changing the CPAP level and assessing the change in inspiratory flow through the upper airway. Although technically feasible, these measurements are typically only undertaken in research laboratories with specialized equipment. The purpose of this study is to measure upper airway collapsibility using clinically available (i.e. equipment found in a clinical sleep laboratory) equipment only. If successful, upper airway collapsibility could be routinely measured in clinical practice, which could help inform treatment decisions and help individualize therapy for OSA.


Study summary:

OSA is defined by total or partial intermittent collapse of the upper airway, resulting in nocturnal hypoxemia and arousals from sleep. OSA is incredible common and has important cardiovascular (e.g. hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, atrial fibrillation) and neurocognitive consequences (e.g. depression, motor vehicle accidents). Thus, OSA results in significant morbidity and mortality and a substantial economic burden. The best studied treatment of OSA is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), which effectively stents the upper airway open, however, many patients are not able to tolerate it. Other treatments are available, such as oral appliances or upper airway surgery, however these are much more variable in their effectiveness. Although other factors are important, the most important factor in OSA pathogenesis is upper airway collapsibility. The upper airway collapsibility can be determined during sleep when patients with OSA are on CPAP. The CPAP level is decreased until flow limitation and finally collapse is achieved. The pressure at which the airway collapses is called the pharyngeal critical closing pressure, or Pcrit. When measured in research laboratories, the Pcrit correlates with OSA severity. Subjects with a high Pcrit (e.g. 5cm of water pressure) typically have severe OSA, while those with a lower Pcrit (e.g. 2cm of water pressure) have mild OSA, and those with a negative Pcrit (e.g. -4cm of water, the airway must be sucked closed to collapse) typically have no disease. The Pcrit may also have important implications for treatment. For example, patients with OSA and a very high Pcrit may require CPAP, however, those with a lower or slightly negative Pcrit might be successfully treated by an oral appliance. Thus, knowledge of the Pcrit might be useful in clinical practice, but it is rarely measured outside of the research lab. To measure Pcrit, patients sleep with a mask over their nose or nose and mouth, and CPAP is applied using a custom made machine that can rapidly change mask pressures. The idea is that rapid changes in airway pressure produce a clear step change in airflow that will be observed quickly. In contrast, during clinical titrations, the CPAP machines change pressure much more slowly to help promote patient comfort. The goal of this research is to determine whether these slower pressure changes could still be used to gather useful information about upper airway collapsibility.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Diagnosis of OSA and stable on CPAP treatment > 3 months Exclusion Criteria: - Pregnancy - Currently smoking - Any respiratory disorder other than OSA or well controlled asthma - Medications known to affect respiratory function (e.g. opioids, benzodiazepines, etc)


NCT ID:

NCT02566278


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Robert Owens, MD
University of California, San Diego


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

San Diego, California 92093
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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