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Los Angeles, California 90033


Purpose:

Abdominal obesity is a major risk factor for heart attack, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, dementia, cancer and Type 2 diabetes. The central hypothesis for this proposal is that pro-atherogenic mediators emanate from inflammation in deep subcutaneous adipose tissue (dSAT) that are released into the systemic circulation and damage the arterial vasculature. The investigators postulate that inflammation of dSAT, when quantified by macrophage phenotyping/enumeration will be a) closely linked with systemic levels of pro-atherogenic mediators and b) tightly associated with endothelial dysfunction and loss of central arterial elasticity, which are highly predictive of future cardiovascular disease (CVD) complications. These relationships provide the basis for macrophage-targeted therapy to reduce obesity-related inflammation and impaired arterial vasoreactivity. The investigators will evaluate a novel approach using a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor (DPP4i) sitagliptin, which blocks signal transduction for monocyte/macrophage activation. Thus, in abdominally obese, 18-40 years-old adults without clinical CVD, the show study is expected to show that sitagliptin versus placebo will: 1. significantly improve early measures of arterial damage (brachial artery endothelial dysfunction and reduced carotid elasticity). 2. significantly attenuate inflammation in dSAT and local production of pro-inflammatory mediators in adipose tissue, which will be associated with decreases in systemic pro-atherogenic mediators that contribute to atherogenesis. Since many obese persons fail to sustain weight loss by lifestyle interventions including diet and exercise, an important public health goal is to identify relatively safe alternative strategies that can be used pre-emptively in "asymptomatic" obese persons when arterial dysfunction and damage is still reversible before atherosclerosis progresses to serious CVD events.


Study summary:

APPROACH: Overview of Study Design: This is a double-masked, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study of treatment sitagliptin (100mg/day) to suppress monocyte/macrophage activation in obese non-diabetic participants. 16 abdominally obese18-40 year-old largely minorities will be randomized 3:1 to receive sitagliptin (N=12) or matching placebo (N=4) daily for 28 days. Eligibility Criteria for the Study Cohort: Based on prior studies conducted by the investigators, approximately 60-70% of participants enrolled will be Hispanics and African Americans. Both minorities have increased prevalence of insulin resistance (IR) at young ages. In their prior studies, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR* ≥3.0) had a predictive value of 88% for crown like structure in abdominal fat (a surrogate for fat inflammation); the inclusion criterion for IR will assure that most study subjects will have abdominal fat inflammation. * homeostatic method of analysis-insulin resistance Inclusion Criteria 1. Age 18-40 years of age 2. Stable weight (no change >3% in prior 6 months) 3. Waist circumference ≥102cm for men; ≥88cm for women 4. Fasting plasma glucose 100-125, HgbA1C 5.7-6.4% or HOMA-IR* ≥3.0 Exclusion Criteria: 1. Regular use of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID); unwilling to stop NSAID drug 2. On statin or other prescription anti-inflammatory drugs 3. Diabetes or clinically evident cardiovascular disease 4. Smoking daily or consuming >200g alcohol/day Study participants will be adults 18-40 years of age to exclude older persons with irreversible atherosclerosis (e.g. calcified, stenotic plaque) or subclinical arterial thrombus which release inflammatory mediators. Persons with Type 2 diabetes (a myocardial infarction equivalent) and those receiving "statins" (also potent anti-inflammatory drugs) will be excluded, thereby further excluding participants with advanced atherosclerosis. The goal is to identify and study persons with abdominal obesity and inflammation at a younger age as a potential target population for pre-emptive anti-inflammatory therapy to prevent serious CVD events over ensuing years. Outcome Measures: 1. Change in arterial vasoreactivity measured and quantified by ultrasound assessment of brachial artery flow mediated dilation and carotid stiffness (elasticity and distensibility). 2. Change in measures of inflammation in intra-abdominal adipose tissue: 1. M1 pro-inflammatory macrophages and M2 anti-inflammatory macrophages by fluorescent activated cell sorting. 2. Ex vivo secretion of inflammatory mediators from macrophages fractions. 3. Change in systemic pro-inflammatory/pro-atherogenic markers and insulin resistance.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - abdominal obesity (≥102cm for men and ≥88cm for women) - impaired glucose tolerance with fasting plasma glucose 100-125 or HgbA1C 5.7-6.4% - insulin resistance with HOMA-IR ≥3.0 - stable weight with no change >3% in prior 6 months Exclusion Criteria: - regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and unwilling to stop - on statin or other anti-inflammatory medication or herbal remedy - diabetes or clinically evident cardiovascular disease - smoking daily or consuming >200g of alcohol daily - active renal, hepatic, rheumatological or infectious disorder within 28 days


NCT ID:

NCT02576288


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Fred Sattler, MD
University of Southern California


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Los Angeles, California 90033
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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