Expired Study
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Providence, Rhode Island 02903


Before starting treatment with XR-NTX, a medication that blocks the positive effects of opioids and helps people stay off opioids, individuals who are dependent on opioids first have to endure a difficult withdrawal process. This study aims to develop and test an intervention to help people who are opioid dependent successfully complete that transition; the investigators will also develop and test a comparison condition aimed at reducing HIV risk behavior.

Study summary:

Opioid dependence is a serious and increasingly pervasive problem. Opioid dependent individuals are at significantly increased risk for a wide range of physical and psychological problems including HIV and STIs. Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) is an effective treatment for opioid dependence, but it requires that opioid-dependent individuals be completely opioid-free prior to its initiation to avoid precipitated withdrawal. The great majority of individuals attempting to cease opioid use will relapse before initiation of XR-NTX because of opioid withdrawal symptoms during detoxification. Distress Tolerance (DT) focused psychosocial interventions are well suited to address the clinical phenomena experienced by individuals withdrawing from opioids. The purpose of this project is to develop a DT intervention to improve detoxification outcomes and an active comparison intervention targeting HIV and STI (HIV/STI) risk behavior. The DT intervention will be adapted from Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). The HIV/STI risk behavior intervention will target behaviors that put patients at risk for HIV and STIs including unprotected sex and needle sharing, as well as promoting regular HIV testing. Both interventions will be delivered through a telehealth videoconferencing system. If the HIV/STI intervention is found to result in reduced HIV/STI risk behavior and more frequent HIV testing, relative to the DT intervention, the investigators will incorporate its components into the DT intervention prior to launching a large-scale clinical trial. The long-term objective of this research program is to improve substance use and HIV/STI outcomes for opioid dependent individuals attempting to cease opioid use. In Phase 1 of this project, the investigators will develop and pilot a DT intervention for individuals transitioning to XR-NTX and a time-matched HIV/STI risk reduction comparison intervention; both will be developed using an iterative process of piloting and modification based on data collected from pilot participants. In Phase 2, opioid dependent individuals transitioning to XR-NTX will be randomly assigned to DT, HIV/STI, or Treatment-As-Usual. All patients will receive medication assisted detoxification from the study recruitment site. It is expected that, as a result of this project, the investigators will have developed a well-specified and novel DT intervention tailored to meet the needs of opioid dependent patients transitioning to XR-NTX, the efficacy of which can be further tested in future Stage II randomized controlled trials. If found to be efficacious, this intervention will serve as an effective means of facilitating detoxification and opioid antagonist initiation, reducing the individual and societal burden due to opioid dependence.


Inclusion Criteria: - Must (1) meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV Lifetime criteria for Opioid Dependence, (2) not plan to receive opioid agonist treatment or opioid analgesics, (3) have no medical need for opioid pain medication, (4) have Alanine Transaminase and Aspartate Aminotransferase < 150, and (5) have platelets > 90. Exclusion Criteria: - Must not (1) be currently psychotic, (2) have current drug or alcohol dependence that requires medical detoxification or a higher level of care that would interfere with study participation, (3) be pregnant or lactating, (4) have acute hepatitis or liver failure, (5) have a bleeding disorder, or (6) be allergic to XR-NTX components.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Susan E Ramsey, Ph.D.
Rhode Island Hospital

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Providence, Rhode Island 02903
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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