Pasadena, California 91101


The proposed Phase IIb/III study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of NaBen® in improving the symptoms of schizophrenia in adults. NaBen® is granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation by US FDA as add-on treatment for schizophrenia. The trial is designed as a multi-center, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, in which adult subjects with schizophrenia will be enrolled. The study will include four parts: a 2 week Screening part, a 4 week run-in part, an 8 week double-blind treatment part, and a 52 week Open-Label Extension part.

Study summary:

This is an adaptive, phase IIb/III, multi-center, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study, in which adult subjects with schizophrenia will be enrolled. The study will include four parts: a 2 week Screening part, a 4 week run-in part, and 8 week double-blind treatment part, and a 52 week Open-Label Extension part. Screening part of the study: The subjects will be evaluated for eligibility during the Screening part of the study. Enrichment run-in part of the study: Subjects who are determined to be eligible will enter the Run-in part of the study. A total of 348 Subjects will be randomized. The randomized subjects will receive 4 weeks of NaBen® or Placebo accordingly. The subjects who have completed 4 weeks of randomized treatment in both groups (NaBen® or Placebo) will be assessed and categorized intoresponders and non-responders, based on 20% or more reduction from baseline in their PANSS total scores as per the evaluations at Visit 2 and Visit 4. Double-Blind treatment part of the study : - Subjects who have successfully completed the Enrichment Run-in part will enter the Double- Blind treatment part of the study per below: NaBen® treated subjects: Subjects will continue receiving NaBen® for another 8 weeks. - Placebo treated subjects: - Placebo Responders: Subjects will continue receiving Placebo for another 8 weeks. - Placebo Non-responders: Subjects will be re-randomized to receive NaBen® or Placebo in a 1:1 ratio for another 8 weeks. Open-Label Extension part of the study: All subjects who have completed the Double-Blind part of the study will continue with the Open-Label Extension part of the study to receive NaBen® for an additional 52 weeks, plus a 2 week follow-up.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Male/female subjects between 18 and 55 years of age 2. If female and not infertile (defined below), the subject must agree for the duration of the study to use one of the following forms of contraception 1) systemic hormonal treatment 2) an Intrauterine device (IUD) which was implanted at least 2 months prior to screening or 3) "double-barrier" contraception (condom, diaphragm and spermicide are each considered a barrier). Females are considered to be infertile if they are either a) surgically sterile or b) have had spontaneous amenorrhea for at least the last 2 years and at least 2 years after the onset of amenorrhea while not receiving hormone replacement therapy and had a Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) level greater than 40 mIU/mL and an estradiol level less than 30 pg/mL 3. Subject is capable of providing informed consent and is willing to sign the ICF prior to study Screening and agrees to comply with the study protocol requirements 4. Physician confirmed DSM-V diagnosis of schizophrenia for the past 2 years based on subject's history and confirmed by psychiatric evaluation and MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview For Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders, version 7.0 (MINI, Version 7.0) 5. The subject is outpatient with no hospitalization for worsening of schizophrenia within 3 months of the screening.If the subject is hospitalized during the study for worsening of schizophrenia symptoms the subject will be withdrawn from the study 6. The subject's schizophrenia condition is clinically stable with residual symptoms. Residual symptoms will be defined as a total score of ≤110 and ≥ 60 of PANSS per Visit 1 evaluations 7. An unchanged antipsychotic medication regimen for at least eight (8) weeks prior to screening into the study and expected to remain unchanged during the study (longer for depot or long-acting antipsychotics: ten (10) months for Aripiprazole and Paliperidone; six (6) months for Olanzapine pamoate monohydrate; and at least 6 times duration of the reported half life or minimum four (4) months for other depot or long-acting antipsychotics) 8. In good general physical health and without clinically significant abnormalities in physical exam, neurological exam and laboratory assessments (urine/blood routine, biochemical tests and ECG) which would exclude the subject from the study in the opinion of the Investigator. For ALT and AST, clinically significant is defined as above twice the upper limit of normal. 9. BMI between 17 and 35 inclusive 10. Subject has a negative routine urine illicit drug screening test (including heroin, amphetamines (including MDMA/ecstasy), cocaine, cannabis or PCP) 11. The subject has a caregiver or some other identified responsible person (e.g., family member, social worker, caseworker or nurse) as determined by the Investigator and per the local regulations. The identified caregiver should be considered reliable by the Investigator and per the local regulations in providing support to the subject to help ensure compliance with study treatment, study visits and protocol procedures who preferably is also able to provide input helpful for completing study rating scales 12. The subject must not be a danger to self or others per the Investigator's judgment Exclusion Criteria: 1. Meets the DSM-IV or V criteria at screening for intellectual disability, dissociative disorder, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, autistic disorder, primary substance-induced psychotic disorder, dementia, or any other comorbid mental disorders that in the opinion of the Investigator may interfere with study conduct and results interpretation 2. Subjects whose illness was resistant to antipsychotics according to prior trials of two different antipsychotics of adequate dose 3. Subjects who have been previously treated with or are receiving clozapine 4. Initiation or dose change of lithium, antidepressant or other mood stabilizers within 16 weeks prior to screening 5. Initiation or dose change of benzodiazepines or sleep medications due to worsening of schizophrenia symptoms or medication side effects, or any other psychotropic medications within 4 weeks prior to screening 6. The subject has previously received NaBen® 7. History of epilepsy, major head trauma, or any neurological illness other than Tourette's syndrome which might impair the subject's cognition or psychiatric functioning per the investigator's judgment 8. History of allergic reaction to sodium benzoate 9. Serious medical illnesses such as end-stage renal disease, liver failure or heart failure that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may interfere with the conduct of the study 10. Any significant gastrointestinal disorders that, in the opinion of the investigator, markedly alter the absorption, metabolism or elimination of sodium benzoate 11. Any movement disorders with a total score higher than 6 on SAS scale, or more than 2 on any items of the AIMS scale 12. Current substance abuse, or history of meeting criteria for moderate or severe substance abuse (including alcohol, but excluding nicotine and caffeine) in the past six (6) months prior to screening 13. Female subjects who are pregnant (as confirmed by urine pregnancy test performed at Screening Visit) or are breast feeding 14. History of cancer not in remission for the last 3 years except for basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma 15. Participation in a clinical trial within 3 months prior to screening or more than two clinical trials within 12 months 16. Electroconvulsive Therapy within 6 months prior to screening 17. The subject started a new non-medication treatment for schizophrenia or other psychiatric condition within the last 3 months prior to screening 18. The subject's anti-EPS medications dose or regimen has changed within 2 weeks prior to screening



Primary Contact:

Yashar Salek, MD
Phone: 1-301-956-2527

Backup Contact:

Felicia Yao
Phone: 886-2-77422699 ext. 136

Location Contact:

Pasadena, California 91101
United States

Felicia Yao
Phone: 027-742-2699

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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