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Nashville, Tennessee 37232


This study will be a cluster-randomized, single-center trial comparing 0.9% saline (normal saline) vs physiologically-balanced crystalloid fluids (Lactated Ringers or Plasmalyte A) for intravenous fluid administration in the emergency department.

Study summary:

The administration of intravenous fluids is ubiquitous in the care of the acutely ill. Commonly available isotonic crystalloid solutions contain a broad spectrum of electrolyte compositions including a range chloride concentrations. Recent studies have associated solutions with supraphysiologic chloride content with hyperchloremia, metabolic acidosis and renal vasoconstriction, acute kidney injury and renal replacement therapy, and increased mortality but no large, randomized-controlled trials have been conducted. SaLt-ED will be a large, cluster-randomized trial enrolling adults requiring intravenous isotonic crystalloid administration and hospital admission from the Vanderbilt University Emergency Department from January 1st 2016 until April 30 2017. The primary endpoint will be hospital-free days to day 28.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patient in the Vanderbilt Adult Emergency Department 2. Felt by treating clinician to require intravenous isotonic crystalloid 3. Felt by treating clinician to require inpatient hospital admission Exclusion Criteria: 1. Age < 18 years



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Wesley Self, MD MPH
Vanderbilt University

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Nashville, Tennessee 37232
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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