Savannah, Georgia 31404


The purpose of this study is to use ambulatory blood pressure monitors to investigate whether enalapril is superior to lisinopril in managing nocturnal hypertension in patients with resistant hypertension currently treated with daytime angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors.

Study summary:

Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure > 140/90 mm Hg while adherent to three or more antihypertensive medications or < 140/90 mm Hg treated with four or more antihypertensives. Patients with resistant hypertension may be at risk for elevated nighttime blood pressure >120/70 mm Hg and "non-dipping" (night/day blood pressure > 0.9). A higher rate of cardiovascular events occur during the "morning surge" partially attributed elevated nighttime blood pressure due to increased renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) activity. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) suppress RAAS activity This prospective randomized parallel-group pilot study will occur at Memorial Family Medicine. Eligible patients will undergo three study visits over a 5-8 week span. After providing written informed consent, patients will complete an initial screening visit assessing 25 hour blood pressure using ambulatory blood pressure monitors. Patients will continue the study if they are found to have a nighttime blood pressure >120/70 mm Hg. Patients continuing the study will be randomly assigned to equivalent dose lisinopril or enalapril treatment arms and their administration time will be changed to "bedtime." At the final visit, patients will complete a final ambulatory blood pressure analysis to reassess nighttime blood pressure and dipping status. It's expected that patients with enalapril treatment will have superior nighttime blood pressure reduction compared to the lisinopril treatment group. If the expected outcome occurs, more patients in the enalapril group will meet their nighttime blood pressure goal (<120/70 mm Hg) and exhibit a "dipping pattern." Current evidence suggests that patients with normal nighttime blood pressure and dipping pattern are at a lower risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.


Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with clinic blood pressure > 140/90 mm Hg on 3 antihypertensives or clinic blood pressure < 140/90 mm Hg on 4 antihypertensives - Currently treated with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor Exclusion Criteria: - Chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 4 or worse - Pheochromocytoma - Unstable cardiovascular disease Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Unstable Angina, or Myocardial infarction in the last 30 days - Hyperaldosteronism - Current pregnancy - Shift worker at night - Presenting blood pressure > 180/110 mm Hg



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
John D. Bucheit, Pharm D
Memorial Health University Medical Center

John D Bucheit, Pharm.D.
Phone: 912-350-8404

Backup Contact:

Cindy Gleit, M.D.
Phone: 912-350-8404

Location Contact:

Savannah, Georgia 31404
United States

John Bucheit, Pharm.D.
Phone: 312-350-8404

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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