Durham, North Carolina 27705

  • ADHD

Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to see if a non-medication intervention can increase motivation in individuals with ADHD by observing brain activity using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


Study summary:

The study involves a screening visit and 4 experimental task sessions.During the screening visit subjects will undergo psychiatric screening to determine if they meet criteria for a diagnosis of ADHD. Participants who meet criteria for a diagnosis of ADHD will also have the following tests done at screening: breath alcohol test, urine drug screen and urine cotinine (by product of tobacco) screening and intelligence quotient (IQ) assessment. Eligible participants will complete a battery of cognitive assessments. Participants meeting study inclusion will then be scheduled for 4 fMRI sessions to assess and manipulate the ability to self-stimulate VTA activation. Each session will contain the same tasks and instructions. The experimental imaging task sessions will be done within a one month window and will consist of two types of runs: Test Runs (one pre-test and post-test each) and three Training Runs. The purpose of the Pre-Test is to establish a baseline level of self-generated VTA activation prior to receiving RTFF. The Post-Test is designed to assess whether participants are better able to self-induce VTA BOLD signal in the absence of feedback (after receiving RTFF). Participants will begin and end each scanning session with a 2-minute resting state scan. Participants will rest and fixate at a cross hair. The purpose of the first run is to acquire data in functional space to facilitate registration of the VTA probabilistic atlas (MNI space) to functional space. The Pre-Test and Post-Test runs will be identical and will have two trial types: Activate and Count. During the Activate trials participants will be instructed to try to increase activity (BOLD signal) within their VTA. Specifically, we will instruct participants to try to get themselves into a heightened state of motivation using personally relevant thoughts and imagery. Importantly, they will be encouraged to optimize strategies for themselves. During the Count trials, participants will be instructed to count backwards. The purpose of these trials is to: standardize the baseline period and to provide a distractor task to prevent engagement in activation strategies. There will be 5 repetitions of both trial types, separated by a jittered inter-trial-interval (ITI; total duration 4 minutes, 5 seconds). The purpose of the subsequent training runs (n=3/day on each of the 4 days) is to provide participants with RTFF to assist them in increasing their VTA BOLD signal. The training runs will consist of three trial types: Activate, Count, and Rest. For both Activate and Count Trials, participants will be given the same instructions as during the test runs. During the Rest trials participants will be instructed to rest and not think of anything in particular. The Activate and Rest trials will include a thermometer display, as described below. Each trial type will be repeated 5 times per run, separated by a jittered ITI (total duration 6 minutes, 18 seconds). Following the Post-Test each day, the Cognitive Battery assessments will be repeated with the subject out of the scanner.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - 18-45 years of age - Male or Female - Confirmed diagnosis, any subtype as determined by the clinician administered Conner's Adult ADHD Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV (CAADID) and clinical interview using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) - T-Score > 65 on one of the DSM-IV relevant scales (Inattentive Symptoms, Hyperactive-Impulsive Symptoms, Total Symptoms or ADHD Index) on both the Self-Report and Observer versions of the Conner's Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS) - Cognitive functioning eaqual or greater than 80 as assessed by the Kaufman Brief Intelligence test, Second Edition (KBIT-II) Exclusion Criteria: - History of chronic/significant medical condition - Current or past 6 month use of prescription medications for ADHD or other psychiatric condition - Meets criteria for any other Axis I Disorder (determined the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) other than nicotine dependence that is significantly impairing and would contraindicate participation in the present study - Meets criteria for any Axis II Disorder - Current substance abuse or dependence or history within the last 12 months; expired breath alcohol level > 0.0; Positive urine drug screen for any of the following: cannabis, amphetamines, opioids, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, cocaine - Inability to understand written and/or spoken English language - Claustrophobia or other contraindications to MRI scanning - If female, pregnancy as determined by urine pregnancy test on each day of MRI scanning - Presence of any metal in the body (e.g., implant, non-removable piercing, IUD) - Head injury resulting in loss of consciousness - Worked with metal (e.g., welding) or had an injury to the eye involving metal - Weigh more than 250 pounds


NCT ID:

NCT02723708


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Scott Kollins, PhD
Duke University

Nilda Itchon-Ramos
Phone: 919-681-0032
Email: nilda.itchonramos@dm.duke.edu


Backup Contact:

Email: scott.kollins@dm.duke.edu
Scott Kollins, PhD
Phone: 919-681-0014


Location Contact:

Durham, North Carolina 27705
United States

Nilda Itchon-Ramos
Phone: 919-681-0032
Email: nilda.itchonramos@dm.duke.edu

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: August 02, 2021

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