Dallas, Texas 75390

  • Treatment Resistant Depression


This trial aims to assess the efficacy and tolerability of Magnetic Seizure Therapy (MST) as an alternative to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depression. Even with multiple medication trials, 30 - 40% of patients will experience a pharmacologically resistant form of illness. The ineffectiveness of current treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD) coupled with the economic burden associated with the disorder engenders a need for novel therapeutic interventions that can provide greater response and remission rates.

Study summary:

The study will involve a randomized, double blind, non-inferiority clinical trial with two treatment arms conducted in two international academic medical centers (the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Canada and UT Southwestern in Dallas, Texas). The investigators are pursuing a non-inferiority clinical trial in an effort to compare MST - a new treatment for TRD - to RUL-UB-ECT. Treatment will be administered two to three days per week. Depression symptoms will be assessed with the 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HRSD-24) and suicidality will be assessed with the Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI). Remission will be defined as HRSD-24 < or = 10 and a > 60% decrease in scores from baseline on two consecutive ratings. Once a participant reaches remission, a second rating to confirm remission will be conducted immediately before their next scheduled treatment. If remission is confirmed, they will then be considered a completer of the acute treatment course. Remission of suicidal ideation is defined as a score of 0 on the SSI. Therefore, there will be no specific minimum number of treatments that patients must receive to be classified as remitters. However, patients who do not meet remission criteria after 21 treatment sessions will be considered non-remitters and will cease treatment sessions. This maximum treatment number was chosen allowing for the possibility that MST may require more treatment sessions to achieve remission, similar to RUL-UB ECT. The blind will not be broken to participants until the completion of the entire study.


Inclusion Criteria Patients will be included if they: 1. are inpatients or outpatients; 2. are voluntary and competent to consent to treatment and research procedures according to ECT/MST attending psychiatrist; 3. have a MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview diagnosis, Version 6 (MINI-6.0) diagnosis of non-psychotic MDD 4. are 18 years of age or older 5. have a baseline HRSD-24 score > or = 21; 6. are considered to be appropriate to receive convulsive therapy as assessed by an ECT attending psychiatrist and a consultant anaesthesiologist 7. are agreeable to keeping their current antidepressant treatment constant during the intervention; 8. are likely able to adhere to the intervention schedule; 9. meet the MST safety criteria [75]; 10. If a woman of child-bearing potential: is willing to provide a negative pregnancy test and agrees not to become pregnant during trial participation. Exclusion Criteria Patients will be excluded if they: 1. have a history of MINI diagnosis of substance dependence or abuse within the past three months; 2. have a concomitant major unstable medical illness; 3. are pregnant or intend to get pregnant during the study; 4. have a MINI diagnosis of any primary psychotic disorder 5. have a MINI diagnosis of obsessive compulsive disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder deemed to be primary and causing more functional impairment than the depressive disorder 6. have probable dementia based on study investigator assessment; 7. have any significant neurological disorder or condition likely to be associated with increased intracranial pressure or a space occupying brain lesion, e.g., cerebral aneurysm; 8. present with a medical condition, a medication, or a laboratory abnormality that could cause a major depressive episode or significant cognitive impairment in the opinion of the investigator (e.g., hypothyroidism with low TSH, rheumatoid arthritis requiring high dose prednisone, or Cushing's disease); 9. have an intracranial implant (e.g., aneurysm clips, shunts, stimulators, cochlear implants, or electrodes) or any other metal object within or near the head, excluding the mouth, that cannot be safely removed; 10. require a benzodiazepine with a dose > lorazepam 2 mg/day or equivalent or any anticonvulsant due to the potential of these medications to limit the efficacy of both MST and ECT; 11. are unable to communicate in English fluently enough to complete the neuropsychological tests; 12. have a non-correctable clinically significant sensory impairment (i.e., cannot hear or see well enough to complete the neuropsychological tests).



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Daniel Blumberger, MD
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Daniel Blumberger, MD
Phone: 416-535-8501 ext. 33662
Email: Daniel.Blumberger@camh.ca

Backup Contact:

Email: Hannah.taalman@camh.ca
Hannah Taalman, MSc
Phone: 416-535-8501 ext. 30990

Location Contact:

Dallas, Texas 75390
United States

Carol A Tamminga, MD
Phone: 214-648-2806
Email: Carol.Tamminga@UTSouthwestern.edu

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: June 28, 2022

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