Seattle, Washington 98108

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Purpose:

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects many individuals who experience a traumatic event. There are a variety of treatment options for PTSD, including psychotherapy (talk therapy) options, as well as medications, such as the drug prazosin. Each of the treatment options available is effective at significantly reducing the symptoms of PTSD in some, but not all, individuals with PTSD. However, investigators are not yet able to predict in advance who is likely to respond to which of the available treatments. Neither are the investigators able to explain what changes in the brain after exposure to a traumatic stressors, and why it results in persistent symptoms of PTSD for some people, but not for others. In this study, the investigators are testing two things: First, is testing whether two simple, easy tests of how an individual's blood pressure changes with standing and how an individual's eye reacts to a pulse of light may be able to predict whether that person is likely to respond to the medication prazosin for PTSD. Second, is testing whether those who have been exposed to a traumatic stress show differences in how their body regulates the response to the stress-signal noradrenaline.


Study summary:

Enrollment is currently paused due to COVID-19 In this study, individuals will undergo an assessment that includes taking a history of their previous exposure to traumatic events, an assessment of current mental health symptoms including those associated with PTSD, and an assessment of physiologic measures, such as blood pressure and pupillary responses to light. For individuals who have current symptoms of PTSD and for whom use of the medication prazosin is a reasonable and safe option, a second phase of the study will be offered. In this second phase, how the individual's PTSD symptoms change when taking prazosin will be assessed. In addition, to test whether any changes are related to the prazosin itself or are part of a placebo effect, the individual will be randomly assigned to periods where he or she is taking a pill that looks like prazosin but is actual placebo (a pill with no active ingredient), and periods where he or she is taking a pill that looks the same but this time is actual prazosin.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces - Current diagnosis of PTSD (as documented in clinical chart and/or per participant report; a rule out diagnosis from a VA provider accompanied by a referral to the VA PTSD Outpatient Clinic (POC) will also be considered sufficient for inclusion) - Woman of childbearing potential must agree to abstain from sexual relations that could result in pregnancy or use an effective method of birth control acceptable to both participant and study clinician during the study. Men are not required to use contraception during the study. Exclusion Criteria: - Psychiatric: - Any known diagnosis of a primary psychotic or major neurocognitive disorder, including schizophrenia, brief psychotic disorder, or Alzheimer's or other dementia, as well as bipolar type I - Severe psychiatric instability or severe situational life crises, including evidence of being actively suicidal or homicidal, or any behavior which poses an immediate danger to participant or others. - Note: Nonsuicidal depression comorbid with PTSD will not be exclusionary. Participants may continue in any concurrent psychotherapy or pharmacotherapy in which they are participating, other than pharmacotherapeutic agents specifically listed above. Participants with active suicidal ideation or with depression severe enough to require psychiatric hospitalization will be excluded. - Medical: - Significant bilateral visual loss (would preclude performing the PLR measurements) - Current pregnancy or lactation - Allergy or previous adverse reaction to prazosin or other alpha-1 antagonist - Acute or unstable chronic medical illness, including unstable angina, recent myocardial infarction (within 6 months), congestive heart failure, preexisting hypotension (systolic <110) or orthostatic hypotension (systolic drop > 20mmHg after two minutes standing or any drop accompanied by dizziness); autoimmune disorders; insulin-dependent diabetes - Chronic renal or hepatic failure, acute pancreatitis, Meniere's disease, benign positional vertigo, or narcolepsy - Medication / treatment: - Any use within the 7 days prior to baseline of prazosin, doxazosin, clonidine, guanfacine, trazodone, or nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics, and/or unwillingness to avoid these medications for the duration of the study - Use of avanafil (Stendra), sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), and vardenafil (Levitra) will be not be permitted during the study dose titration period because of increased risk of hypotension in combination with alpha-1 blockers, but will be allowed at 1/2 the usual starting dose following dose titration - Current use of nitrates, or of alternative medications or supplements with significant vasodilatory properties (e.g., nitrate containing supplements) Participants may also be excluded at the discretion of PI or study clinicians if they appear to be unsuitable for this research study for a reason not detailed here.


NCT ID:

NCT03539614


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Rebecca C. Hendrickson, MD PhD
VA Puget Sound Health Care System Seattle Division, Seattle, WA

Rebecca C Hendrickson, MD PhD
Phone: (206) 277-5054
Email: Rebecca.Hendrickson@va.gov


Backup Contact:

Email: hollie.holmes@va.gov
Hollie A Holmes, BA
Phone: (206) 277-6207


Location Contact:

Seattle, Washington 98108
United States

Rebecca C Hendrickson, MD PhD
Phone: 206-277-5054
Email: Rebecca.Hendrickson@va.gov

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: June 19, 2021

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