Aurora, Colorado 80045

  • Obesity

Purpose:

The circadian timing of Energy Intake (EI) has emerged as a key factor in the regulation of body weight. Studies have suggested that eating later in the evening or at night when the circadian system is promoting sleep adversely influences weight loss. In contrast, restricting EI to a short window during waking hours and extending the length of the overnight fast (i.e., time restricted feeding, TRF) may be a practical and useful weight loss strategy. The overall objective of this proposal is to provide a foundation to inform the design of a future large-scale trial to evaluate the efficacy of TRF in generating weight loss. The investigators aims are to: 1) Assess processes critical for the success of a large-scale trial comparing the efficacy of a reduced calorie diet with time restricted feeding (RCD+TRF) versus standard RCD on weight loss; 2) Develop methodology to assess compliance to the RCD+TRF versus standard RCD program and collect preliminary data on whether the programs have differential effects on free-living behaviors (EI, appetite, physical activity, and sedentary behavior); and 3) Measure metabolic responses to RCD+TRF versus standard RCD to determine candidate mechanisms related to weight loss at 12wks and weight maintenance at 6mo post-intervention. The investigators primary hypothesis is that weight loss will be greater in the TRF group compared to the RCD group.


Study summary:

The circadian timing of energy intake (EI) has emerged as a key factor in the regulation of body weight. Studies have suggested that eating meals later in the evening or during the biological night when the circadian system is promoting sleep adversely influences the success of weight loss therapy. In contrast, restricting EI to a short window during waking hours and extending the length of the overnight fast (i.e., time restricted feeding, TRF) may be a practical and useful strategy for promoting weight loss and weight maintenance. However, potential benefits of adding TRF to a weight loss program have yet to be evaluated in a well-controlled clinical study. The overall objective of this proposal is to provide a foundation to inform the design of a future large-scale trial to evaluate the efficacy of TRF in generating weight loss. The investigators overall hypothesis is that feasibility, adherence, and acceptability of a weight loss intervention using TRF in the setting of a reduced calorie diet (RCD) - RCD+TRF - will be similar to compliance with an intervention using a reduced calorie diet alone (RCD), suggesting acceptability for a future large-scale trial. In this 12-week pilot and feasibility study, 30 overweight and obese individuals will be randomized 1:1 to RCD+TRF (EI restricted to a 10-hour window starting 1 hour from habitual waking time) or standard RCD (no restriction on feeding duration). Additional follow-up will occur at 6 months to collect pilot data on weight maintenance. Measures include feasibility, acceptability and adherence to the interventions, body weight, body composition (Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)), EI (smart phone application), physical activity (PA, accelerometery), glucose variability (continuous glucose monitoring, CGM), sleep (questionnaires and polysomnography), and nocturnal substrate metabolism (room calorimetry). The specific aims (SA) are as follows: Specific Aim 1a. To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a 12-week TRF intervention compared to a standard dietary weight loss intervention (i.e. RCD). Feasibility of enrollment and retention, and acceptability of the intervention will be assessed in adults with obesity meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria proposed for the future large-scale trial. The investigators will assess adherence to the weight loss programs, as measured objectively with a novel smartphone application and verified with CGM data, and subjectively with the use of questionnaires. Specific Aim 1b. To assess the efficacy of RCD+TRF compared to RCD alone in producing weight loss at 12 weeks and reducing the risk of weight regain after 6 months of follow-up.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Adult males and females with a BMI of 27-45 kg/m2 and weight stable over the previous 6 months; - Age, 18-50 years old; - Passing medical and physical screening, and analysis of blood and urine screening samples; - Typical eating duration >12 hours per day (assessed by questionnaires); - Own a smartphone Exclusion Criteria: - Pregnancy or lactation for women (women who are >6 months postpartum with no plans of becoming pregnant in the next year and who are not currently lactating can be included; oral contraceptives will be allowed if medication has been consistent for the prior 6 months) - Postmenopausal women (menopausal status will be assessed during the history and physical, with requirement of self-reported regular menstrual cycles for the last year; women who have undergone hysterectomy but with ovaries in place who continue to have regular menstrual symptoms can be included) - Being considered unsafe to participate as determined by the study physician; - History of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, untreated thyroid, renal, hepatic diseases, dyslipidemia or any other medical condition affecting weight or lipid metabolism; - History of human immunodeficiency virus or hepatitis B or C (self-report); - Taking medications affecting weight or energy intake/energy expenditure in the last 6 months, including weight loss medications, antipsychotic drugs or other medications as determined by the study physician; - Having abnormal blood chemistry (eGFR<45mL/min, AST or ALT >3 times the upper limit of normal) or as deemed significant by the study physician; - Being a smoker or having been a smoker in the 3 months prior to their screening visit; - Working night shifts; - Extreme early or extreme late chronotype as determined by the Munich Chronotype questionnaire37; - Night eating syndrome (at least 25% of food intake is consumed after the evening meal and/or at least two episodes of nocturnal eating per week) as assessed with meal pattern assessment questionnaire; - For participants completing the PSG studies, greater than moderate sleep apnea (score high risk ≥ 2 or more categories on the Berlin Questionnaire). Participants completing the primary weight loss intervention will not be excluded based on Berlin OSA risk scores. - For participants completing the PSG studies, use of medications affecting sleep (benzodiazepines and other sleep aids, as determined by study physician). Participants completing the primary weight loss intervention will not be excluded based on use of medications affecting sleep.


NCT ID:

NCT03571048


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Elizabeth Thomas, MD
University of Colorado Anschutz Health and Wellness Center


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Aurora, Colorado 80045
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: June 21, 2021

Modifications to this listing: Only selected fields are shown, please use the link below to view all information about this clinical trial.


Click to view Full Listing

This study is not currently recruiting Study Participants on ClinicalConnection.com. The form below is not enabled.