Austin, Texas 78701

  • Healthy


The purpose of this study is to determine differences between the immune responses in healthy and depressed people. Participants will receive the influenza vaccine and their responses will be monitored. This study will recruit 15 healthy and 60 depressed participants.

Study summary:

The purpose of this study is to determine differences between the immune responses in healthy and depressed people. Specifically subjects are provided a mild immune stimulus, an influenza vaccine, and their responses are monitored. The goals are to determine whether patients with depression experience a temporary worsening of mood in response to the stimulus and whether this is associated with measurable differences in the cytokine response to the vaccine. Additionally, patients with depression may be less likely to mount a successful antibody response to vaccination as healthy people based on circumstantial evidence, and this study will assess whether this the case. This study aims to recruit a sample of 15 healthy and 60 depressed participants. The 15 healthy participants will be age and gender matched to the first 15 depressed participants recruited. Three more sets of age and gender matched depressed subjects will be recruited. This will result in 15 sets of "quintuplets" (4 depressed and one healthy), that are matched by age and gender. The study consists of four visits. The first visit is the baseline assessment where participants will receive the influenza vaccine. Participants will then return 1, 3 and 28 days after receiving the vaccine to assess their responses.


Inclusion Criteria: Inclusion Criteria for all subjects - Adults age 18-60 - Able to provide written informed consent directly, without use of a proxy - Able to speak and write in English sufficiently to undergo consent and to complete self reports Inclusion Criteria for depressed subjects - Currently meets criteria for a Depressive Episode and a diagnosis of MDD according Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) - Depressive severity of ≥ 12 on the Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomatology, Clinician Rated (QIDS-C), corresponding to more than mild depression severity, but <21, indicating not severe Inclusion Criteria for healthy Subjects - No lifetime Axis I diagnosis on the MINI - QIDS-SR score <6 indicating no depression - CRP at screening of <1mg/L. Exclusion Criteria: Exclusion Criteria for all subjects - Active, unstable, or serious medical illness (e.g. requiring urgent out-patient or higher level of care) as determined by history and lab examination at screening. For example, subjects with untreated cardiovascular disease (blood pressure above 140/80 on repeated measurements, history of cardiac event without medical follow up) or untreated diabetes (based on symptoms and elevated fasting blood sugar at screening) will be excluded. - Taking medications that have a significant effect on the immune system. This includes daily Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs). As needed NSAIDs will not be exclusionary but subjects will be asked to refrain from NSAID usage for 48 hours prior to the vaccination visit and through the day 3 visit. - Has received the influenza vaccine for the current season or within the last 12 months - Infection with fever or otherwise clinically significant in the last two weeks. Subjects with elevated white blood cell count at screening will also be excluded. - Current and within the last 3 months meeting criteria for tobacco use disorder. - Previous severe adverse event associated with IIV - History of allergy to any component of the IIV - History of Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pregnancy - Otherwise judged unable to comply with study procedures or unsafe to participate by study clinician Exclusion Criteria for Depressed Subjects - Life-time history of mania, hypomania, or psychosis on the MINI - Meets or has met criteria for substance abuse or dependence in the last 6 months (3 months for nicotine) - Meets or has met criteria for any eating disorder in the last 6 months - Baseline suicidal ideation above "passive" defined as thoughts of death or dying (e.g. wish for natural death) without thoughts of active methods (e.g. overdose) or intent to die, as determined using the Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale (CHRT) (assessment interval "the last week") and clinician interview. No Exclusion Criteria for Healthy Subjects



Primary Contact:

Project Coordinator
Phone: 512-495-5595

Backup Contact:

Maria Toups, M.D.
Phone: 512-494-4672

Location Contact:

Austin, Texas 78701
United States

Project Coordinator
Phone: 512-495-5595

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: July 01, 2022

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