Boulder, Colorado 80309

  • Chronic Kidney Disease


Nitric oxide (NO) is an essential molecule in the body that is decreased in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), leading to reductions in vascular, movement ("motor") and cognitive functions. This study will determine if daily oral supplementation (3 months) with a supplement that increases NO in the body, i.e., nitrate-rich beetroot juice, improves vascular, motor and cognitive function in patients with CKD; this study will also provide insight into the biological reasons (mechanisms) by which supplementation with nitrate-rich beetroot juice improves vascular function in these patients. Overall, this research will provide scientific evidence supporting the use of nitrate-rich beetroot juice for preserving physiological function and preventing co-morbid clinical conditions and disability in CKD.


Inclusion Criteria: - CKD stage II-IV (eGFR using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) prediction equation 20-90 mL/min/1.73m2; stable renal function in the past 3 months) - Ability to give informed consent - Albumin > 3.0 g/dL - Ability to perform motor and cognitive tests (e.g., can rise from a chair, walk for 6 min, climb 10 stairs) - Free from alcohol dependence or abuse, as defined by the American Psychiatry Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) - Mini-mental state examination score >21 (rationale: to screen for subjects with major cognitive impairment) - Blood pressure (BP) >100/60 mmHg for past 3 months (rationale: blood pressure below 100/60 mmHg may elevate the normally small risk of hypotension with nitrate supplementation) - Not taking medications that will interfere with administered medications (e.g., sildenafil interacts with nitroglycerin) - Body mass index (BMI) <40 kg/m2 (vascular function measurements can be inaccurate in severely obese patients) Exclusion Criteria: - Life expectancy <1 year - Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as blood pressure > 160/100 mmHg in the past 3 months - History of severe liver disease - History of severe congestive heart failure (i.e., ejection fraction < 35%) - History of hospitalizations within the last 3 months - Active infection or antibiotic therapy - Warfarin use - Vasculitis requiring immunosuppressive therapy within the last year - High dietary nitrate intake or current nitrate/nitrite supplementation; hypersensitivity to nitrates or nitrites - Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency or blood methemoglobin >2% - Unwilling to abstain from use of mouthwash or other oral hygiene practices (e.g., tongue scraping) outside of teeth brushing that disrupt the oral microbiome and would interfere with nitrate conversion to nitrite - Blood donation within 8 weeks prior to enrolling in the study; unwilling to abstain from donating blood for 8 weeks after completing the study



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Matthew J Rossman, PhD
University of Colorado, Boulder

Morgan Berryman-Maciel
Phone: 303-735-6410

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Boulder, Colorado 80309
United States

Melanie R Zigler, M.S.
Phone: 303-492-2485

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: September 17, 2021

Modifications to this listing: Only selected fields are shown, please use the link below to view all information about this clinical trial.

Click to view Full Listing

If you would like to be contacted by the clinical trial representative please fill out the form below.