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Lexington, Kentucky 40536

  • Anesthetics, Local


This is a pilot study of approximately 20 pre-operative patients scheduled for a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block as pain management for a previously scheduled surgery. Subjects will be randomly assigned to receive either cooled ropivacaine (4°C) during a TAP block or room temperature (between 20-25°C) ropivacaine during the block. The effects of a TAP block generally diminish within 24 hours. We believe that cooling ropivacaine before administration may slightly prolong the analgesic effects of the block and delay time before additional analgesic is requested, resulting in less opioid use following surgery.

Study summary:

After consenting, subjects will be randomized to receive either cooled ropivacaine, administered at approximately 4°C) or room temperature ropivacaine, administered at approximately 20-25°C), during an ultrasound-guided TAP block. Time to anesthesia, or loss of sensation, will be recorded for each subject by a single evaluator, employing the pinch technique and thermosensory perception, using a glove, filled with a slurry of ice water placed on both anesthetized and non-anesthetized areas, for approximately 5 seconds. Time to anesthesia will be recorded when there is a definitive difference on a categorical scale (painful/not painful or cold/not cold) as measured by the subject, between the anesthetized and non-anesthetized areas. Safety outcomes and opioid morphine equivalency will be recorded for all subjects, for approximately 48 hours following surgery.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patients, aged =18 years of age. 2. Patients, scheduled for surgery, with an order for a TAP block. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients with a history of opioid use disorder. 2. Patients, which are scheduled as the first case of the day. 3. Patients with any history of paralysis/palsy. 4. Patients with a history of sensitivity to local anesthetics, including ropivacaine. 5. Patients, whose blocks are scheduled to be administered by a PGY-1 or PGY-2 resident.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Daniel Wambold, MD
University of Kentucky

Daniel Wambold, MD
Phone: 18593238030

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Lexington, Kentucky 40536
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: June 20, 2021

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